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Associations of eating frequency with adiposity measures, blood lipid profiles and blood pressure in British children and adolescents.
Br J Nutr. 2014 Jun 28; 111(12):2176-83.BJ

Abstract

Several epidemiological studies in adults have suggested a favourable effect of frequent eating on blood lipid profiles, but evidence in younger populations is lacking. In the present cross-sectional study, we examined the associations of eating frequency (EF) with metabolic risk factors in British children aged 4-10 years (n 818) and adolescents aged 11-18 years (n 818). Dietary intake was assessed using a 7 d weighed dietary record. EF was calculated based on all eating occasions, except for those providing < 210 kJ of energy. Metabolic risk factors examined were total, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations, TAG concentration, BMI z-score, waist:height ratio (WHtR; only adolescents), and systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Adjustment was made for age, sex, social class, physical activity levels, intakes of protein, fat, total sugar and dietary fibre, ratio of reported energy intake to estimated energy requirement (EI:EER) and BMI z-score (except for BMI z-score and WHtR). In children, EF was inversely associated with total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations (n 324, P= 0·01 and 0·04, respectively). Conversely, EF was positively associated with BMI z-score in adolescents (P= 0·004). There were no associations between EF and other metabolic risk factors. In analyses in which only plausible energy reporters (EI:EER: 0·72-1·28) were included, similar results were obtained, except for an inverse association between EF and diastolic blood pressure in children. In conclusion, a higher EF is associated with lower total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in children but with a higher BMI z-score in adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine BT52 1SA, UK.Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine BT52 1SA, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24655480

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, and M Barbara E. Livingstone. "Associations of Eating Frequency With Adiposity Measures, Blood Lipid Profiles and Blood Pressure in British Children and Adolescents." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 111, no. 12, 2014, pp. 2176-83.
Murakami K, Livingstone MB. Associations of eating frequency with adiposity measures, blood lipid profiles and blood pressure in British children and adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2014;111(12):2176-83.
Murakami, K., & Livingstone, M. B. (2014). Associations of eating frequency with adiposity measures, blood lipid profiles and blood pressure in British children and adolescents. The British Journal of Nutrition, 111(12), 2176-83. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114514000452
Murakami K, Livingstone MB. Associations of Eating Frequency With Adiposity Measures, Blood Lipid Profiles and Blood Pressure in British Children and Adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2014 Jun 28;111(12):2176-83. PubMed PMID: 24655480.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations of eating frequency with adiposity measures, blood lipid profiles and blood pressure in British children and adolescents. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Livingstone,M Barbara E, Y1 - 2014/03/21/ PY - 2014/3/25/entrez PY - 2014/3/25/pubmed PY - 2014/7/24/medline SP - 2176 EP - 83 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 111 IS - 12 N2 - Several epidemiological studies in adults have suggested a favourable effect of frequent eating on blood lipid profiles, but evidence in younger populations is lacking. In the present cross-sectional study, we examined the associations of eating frequency (EF) with metabolic risk factors in British children aged 4-10 years (n 818) and adolescents aged 11-18 years (n 818). Dietary intake was assessed using a 7 d weighed dietary record. EF was calculated based on all eating occasions, except for those providing < 210 kJ of energy. Metabolic risk factors examined were total, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations, TAG concentration, BMI z-score, waist:height ratio (WHtR; only adolescents), and systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Adjustment was made for age, sex, social class, physical activity levels, intakes of protein, fat, total sugar and dietary fibre, ratio of reported energy intake to estimated energy requirement (EI:EER) and BMI z-score (except for BMI z-score and WHtR). In children, EF was inversely associated with total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations (n 324, P= 0·01 and 0·04, respectively). Conversely, EF was positively associated with BMI z-score in adolescents (P= 0·004). There were no associations between EF and other metabolic risk factors. In analyses in which only plausible energy reporters (EI:EER: 0·72-1·28) were included, similar results were obtained, except for an inverse association between EF and diastolic blood pressure in children. In conclusion, a higher EF is associated with lower total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in children but with a higher BMI z-score in adolescents. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24655480/Associations_of_eating_frequency_with_adiposity_measures_blood_lipid_profiles_and_blood_pressure_in_British_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114514000452/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -