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Malaria and anaemia in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study of pregnant women in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria.
Int Health. 2014 Jun; 6(2):130-7.IH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Several strategies are used in the care of pregnant women accessing antenatal care in primary health centres in Nigeria, with the aim of reducing the burden of malaria and anaemia. The objective of the study was to appraise the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and anaemia in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria where malaria preventive strategies are in place.

METHODS

We undertook a cross-sectional study of 300 pregnant women receiving antenatal care in randomly selected primary health centres in the Nkanu West local government area (LGA), Enugu state, Nigeria from August to September 2010.

RESULTS

The prevalence of malaria parasitaemia was 92.0% (276/300) (mild in 86.7% [260/300] and moderate in 15.3% [16/300]). The prevalence of anaemia was 49.3% (148/300) (mild in 29.3% [88/300] and moderate in 20% [60/300]). There were no severe cases of malaria parasitaemia or anaemia. The educational status and occupation of participants were significantly associated with the occurrence of peripheral parasitaemia and anaemia respectively (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of malaria and anaemia is very high in the Nkanu West LGA of Enugu State, Nigeria. Efforts to reduce the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and anaemia in pregnancy should be intensified in rural settings of Enugu state and Nigeria as a whole.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria vajel@yahoo.com.Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.Department of Haematology/Immunology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24664630

Citation

Ugwu, Emmanuel O., et al. "Malaria and Anaemia in Pregnancy: a Cross-sectional Study of Pregnant Women in Rural Communities of Southeastern Nigeria." International Health, vol. 6, no. 2, 2014, pp. 130-7.
Ugwu EO, Dim CC, Uzochukwu BS, et al. Malaria and anaemia in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study of pregnant women in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria. Int Health. 2014;6(2):130-7.
Ugwu, E. O., Dim, C. C., Uzochukwu, B. S., Iloghalu, E. I., & Ugwu, A. O. (2014). Malaria and anaemia in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study of pregnant women in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria. International Health, 6(2), 130-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihu009
Ugwu EO, et al. Malaria and Anaemia in Pregnancy: a Cross-sectional Study of Pregnant Women in Rural Communities of Southeastern Nigeria. Int Health. 2014;6(2):130-7. PubMed PMID: 24664630.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Malaria and anaemia in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study of pregnant women in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria. AU - Ugwu,Emmanuel O, AU - Dim,Cyril C, AU - Uzochukwu,Benjamin S, AU - Iloghalu,Emeka I, AU - Ugwu,Angela O, Y1 - 2014/03/23/ PY - 2014/3/26/entrez PY - 2014/3/26/pubmed PY - 2015/2/5/medline KW - Anaemia KW - Malaria parasitaemia KW - Nigeria KW - Pregnancy KW - Rural community SP - 130 EP - 7 JF - International health JO - Int Health VL - 6 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Several strategies are used in the care of pregnant women accessing antenatal care in primary health centres in Nigeria, with the aim of reducing the burden of malaria and anaemia. The objective of the study was to appraise the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and anaemia in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria where malaria preventive strategies are in place. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional study of 300 pregnant women receiving antenatal care in randomly selected primary health centres in the Nkanu West local government area (LGA), Enugu state, Nigeria from August to September 2010. RESULTS: The prevalence of malaria parasitaemia was 92.0% (276/300) (mild in 86.7% [260/300] and moderate in 15.3% [16/300]). The prevalence of anaemia was 49.3% (148/300) (mild in 29.3% [88/300] and moderate in 20% [60/300]). There were no severe cases of malaria parasitaemia or anaemia. The educational status and occupation of participants were significantly associated with the occurrence of peripheral parasitaemia and anaemia respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of malaria and anaemia is very high in the Nkanu West LGA of Enugu State, Nigeria. Efforts to reduce the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and anaemia in pregnancy should be intensified in rural settings of Enugu state and Nigeria as a whole. SN - 1876-3405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24664630/Malaria_and_anaemia_in_pregnancy:_a_cross_sectional_study_of_pregnant_women_in_rural_communities_of_Southeastern_Nigeria_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/inthealth/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/inthealth/ihu009 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -