The hypotensive effect of intrathecally injected (m)VD-hemopressin(α) in urethane-anesthetized rats.Peptides. 2014 Jun; 56:45-51.P
Previous studies suggest that cannabinoids system plays an important role in cardiovascular regulation. (m)VD-hemopressin(α) (VD-Hpα), an 11-residue peptide originating from the α1 chain of hemoglobin, was recently reported as a selective agonist of cannabinoid CB1 receptor. The present study was undertaken to investigate the intrathecal (i.t.) action of (m)VD-Hpα on blood pressure in urethane-anesthetized rats. Our results demonstrated that injections of (m)VD-Hpα (5-30 nmol, i.t.) produced a dose-dependent decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP), similar to that of the non-peptidic cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55212-2 (1.25-10 nmol, i.t.). The hypotensive effect of (m)VD-Hpα was not influenced by the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 (20 nmol, i.t.) or the CB2 receptor antagonist AM630 (20 nmol, i.t.). However, WIN55212-2-induced hypotension was almost completely prevented by i.t. administration of AM251, not by AM630. The spinal hypotension of (m)VD-Hpα and WIN55212-2 was significantly reduced by pretreatment with the α-adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine (1 mg/kg, i.v.), but not by the β-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol (2 mg/kg, i.v.) or the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine (2 mg/kg, i.v.). In addition, L-NAME (50 mg/kg, i.v.), the inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, significantly reduced WIN55212-2-induced hypotension, but had no effect on the hypotensive response to (m)VD-Hpα. Collectively, the results show that i.t. administration of (m)VD-Hpα induces a decrease in MAP via a non-CB1 and non-CB2 mechanism.