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Intake of fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e93471.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Several prospective studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between fruit juice intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, but results have been mixed. In the present study, we aimed to estimate the association between fruit juice intake and risk of type 2 diabetes.

METHODS

PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to December 2013. All prospective cohort studies of fruit juice intake with risk of type 2 diabetes were included. The pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for highest vs. lowest category of fruit juice intake were estimated using a random-effects model.

RESULTS

A total of four studies (191,686 participants, including 12,375 with type 2 diabetes) investigated the association between sugar-sweetened fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, and four studies (137,663 participants and 4,906 cases) investigated the association between 100% fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes. A higher intake of sugar-sweetened fruit juice was significantly associated with risk of type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.04-1.59, p = 0.02), while intake of 100% fruit juice was not associated with risk of developing type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.91-1.18, p = 0.62).

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings support dietary recommendations to limit sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit juice with added sugar, to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States of America.Department of Endocrinology, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China.Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24682091

Citation

Xi, Bo, et al. "Intake of Fruit Juice and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 3, 2014, pp. e93471.
Xi B, Li S, Liu Z, et al. Intake of fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2014;9(3):e93471.
Xi, B., Li, S., Liu, Z., Tian, H., Yin, X., Huai, P., Tang, W., Zhou, D., & Steffen, L. M. (2014). Intake of fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS One, 9(3), e93471. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093471
Xi B, et al. Intake of Fruit Juice and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2014;9(3):e93471. PubMed PMID: 24682091.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Xi,Bo, AU - Li,Shuangshuang, AU - Liu,Zhaolu, AU - Tian,Huan, AU - Yin,Xiuxiu, AU - Huai,Pengcheng, AU - Tang,Weihong, AU - Zhou,Donghao, AU - Steffen,Lyn M, Y1 - 2014/03/28/ PY - 2013/12/20/received PY - 2014/03/05/accepted PY - 2014/4/1/entrez PY - 2014/4/1/pubmed PY - 2015/6/2/medline SP - e93471 EP - e93471 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Several prospective studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between fruit juice intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, but results have been mixed. In the present study, we aimed to estimate the association between fruit juice intake and risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to December 2013. All prospective cohort studies of fruit juice intake with risk of type 2 diabetes were included. The pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for highest vs. lowest category of fruit juice intake were estimated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of four studies (191,686 participants, including 12,375 with type 2 diabetes) investigated the association between sugar-sweetened fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, and four studies (137,663 participants and 4,906 cases) investigated the association between 100% fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes. A higher intake of sugar-sweetened fruit juice was significantly associated with risk of type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.04-1.59, p = 0.02), while intake of 100% fruit juice was not associated with risk of developing type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.91-1.18, p = 0.62). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support dietary recommendations to limit sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit juice with added sugar, to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24682091/Intake_of_fruit_juice_and_incidence_of_type_2_diabetes:_a_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093471 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -