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Prevalence of obesity by occupation among US workers: the National Health Interview Survey 2004-2011.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the prevalence of obesity and the change of prevalence of obesity between 2004-2007 and 2008-20011 by occupation among US workers in the National Health Interview Survey.

METHODS

Self-reported weight and height were collected and used to assess obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m). Gender-, race/ethnicity-, and occupation-specific prevalence of obesity were calculated.

RESULTS

Prevalence of obesity steadily increased from 2004 through 2008 across gender and race/ethnicity but leveled off from 2008 through 2011. Non-Hispanic black female workers in health care support (49.2%) and transportation/material moving (46.6%) had the highest prevalence of obesity. Prevalence of obesity in relatively low-obesity (white-collar) occupations significantly increased between 2004-2007 and 2008-2011, whereas it did not change significantly in high-obesity (blue-collar) occupations.

CONCLUSIONS

Workers in all occupational categories are appropriate targets for health promotion and intervention programs to reduce obesity.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    From the Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division (Mr Gu, Dr Charles, Mrs Ma, Dr Andrew, and Dr Burchfiel) and Surveillance Branch, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies (Dr Bang), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV; and Department of Social and Preventive Medicine (Dr Violanti), School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York, University at Buffalo.

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    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Female
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Occupations
    Prevalence
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24682108

    Citation

    * When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of obesity by occupation among US workers: the National Health Interview Survey 2004-2011. AU - Gu,Ja K, AU - Charles,Luenda E, AU - Bang,Ki Moon, AU - Ma,Claudia C, AU - Andrew,Michael E, AU - Violanti,John M, AU - Burchfiel,Cecil M, PY - 2014/4/1/entrez PY - 2014/4/1/pubmed PY - 2015/1/17/medline SP - 516 EP - 28 JF - Journal of occupational and environmental medicine JO - J. Occup. Environ. Med. VL - 56 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of obesity and the change of prevalence of obesity between 2004-2007 and 2008-20011 by occupation among US workers in the National Health Interview Survey. METHODS: Self-reported weight and height were collected and used to assess obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m). Gender-, race/ethnicity-, and occupation-specific prevalence of obesity were calculated. RESULTS: Prevalence of obesity steadily increased from 2004 through 2008 across gender and race/ethnicity but leveled off from 2008 through 2011. Non-Hispanic black female workers in health care support (49.2%) and transportation/material moving (46.6%) had the highest prevalence of obesity. Prevalence of obesity in relatively low-obesity (white-collar) occupations significantly increased between 2004-2007 and 2008-2011, whereas it did not change significantly in high-obesity (blue-collar) occupations. CONCLUSIONS: Workers in all occupational categories are appropriate targets for health promotion and intervention programs to reduce obesity. SN - 1536-5948 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24682108/Prevalence_of_Obesity_by_Occupation_Among_US_Workers:_The_National_Health_Interview_Survey_2004_2011_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=24682108 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -