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No place to hide: when shame causes proselfs to cooperate.
J Soc Psychol. 2014 Jan-Feb; 154(1):74-88.JS

Abstract

Shame is considered a social emotion with action tendencies that elicit socially beneficial behavior. Yet, unlike other social emotions, prior experimental studies do not indicate that incidental shame boosts prosocial behavior. Based on the affect as information theory, we hypothesize that incidental feelings of shame can increase cooperation, but only for self-interested individuals, and only in a context where shame is relevant with regards to its action tendency. To test this hypothesis, cooperation levels are compared between a simultaneous prisoner's dilemma (where "defect" may result from multiple motives) and a sequential prisoner's dilemma (where "second player defect" is the result of intentional greediness). As hypothesized, shame positively affected proselfs in a sequential prisoner's dilemma. Hence ashamed proselfs become inclined to cooperate when they believe they have no way to hide their greediness, and not necessarily because they want to make up for earlier wrong-doing.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24689338

Citation

Declerck, Carolyn Henriette, et al. "No Place to Hide: when Shame Causes Proselfs to Cooperate." The Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 154, no. 1, 2014, pp. 74-88.
Declerck CH, Boone C, Kiyonari T. No place to hide: when shame causes proselfs to cooperate. J Soc Psychol. 2014;154(1):74-88.
Declerck, C. H., Boone, C., & Kiyonari, T. (2014). No place to hide: when shame causes proselfs to cooperate. The Journal of Social Psychology, 154(1), 74-88.
Declerck CH, Boone C, Kiyonari T. No Place to Hide: when Shame Causes Proselfs to Cooperate. J Soc Psychol. 2014 Jan-Feb;154(1):74-88. PubMed PMID: 24689338.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - No place to hide: when shame causes proselfs to cooperate. AU - Declerck,Carolyn Henriette, AU - Boone,Christophe, AU - Kiyonari,Toko, PY - 2014/4/3/entrez PY - 2014/4/3/pubmed PY - 2014/4/25/medline SP - 74 EP - 88 JF - The Journal of social psychology JO - J Soc Psychol VL - 154 IS - 1 N2 - Shame is considered a social emotion with action tendencies that elicit socially beneficial behavior. Yet, unlike other social emotions, prior experimental studies do not indicate that incidental shame boosts prosocial behavior. Based on the affect as information theory, we hypothesize that incidental feelings of shame can increase cooperation, but only for self-interested individuals, and only in a context where shame is relevant with regards to its action tendency. To test this hypothesis, cooperation levels are compared between a simultaneous prisoner's dilemma (where "defect" may result from multiple motives) and a sequential prisoner's dilemma (where "second player defect" is the result of intentional greediness). As hypothesized, shame positively affected proselfs in a sequential prisoner's dilemma. Hence ashamed proselfs become inclined to cooperate when they believe they have no way to hide their greediness, and not necessarily because they want to make up for earlier wrong-doing. SN - 0022-4545 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24689338/No_place_to_hide:_when_shame_causes_proselfs_to_cooperate_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00224545.2013.855158 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -