Concordance between cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and [11C]PIB PET in a memory clinic cohort.J Alzheimers Dis. 2014; 41(3):801-7.JA
Two approaches are available for measuring Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in vivo. Biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) include amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ42) and tau. Furthermore, amyloid deposition can be visualized using positron emission tomography (PET) and [11C]Pittsburgh compound-B ([11C]PIB).
We investigated concordance between CSF biomarkers and [11C]PIB PET as markers for AD pathology in a memory clinic cohort.
We included 64 AD patients, 34 non-AD dementia patients, 22 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 16 controls. [11C]PIB scans were visually rated as positive or negative. CSF biomarkers were considered abnormal based on Aβ42 alone (<550 ng/L), a more lenient Aβ42 cut-off (<640 ng/L) or a combination of both Aβ42 and tau ((373 + 0.82 tau)/Aβ42 > 1). Concordance between CSF biomarkers and [11C]PIB PET was determined.
Overall, concordance between [11C]PIB PET and CSF Aβ42 (<550 ng/L) was 84%. In discordant cases, [11C]PIB PET was more often AD-positive than Aβ42. When a more lenient Aβ42 cut-point (<640 ng/L) or a combination of Aβ42 and tau was used, concordance with [11C]PIB PET appeared to be even higher (90% and 89%). This difference is explained by a subgroup of mostly MCI and AD patients with Aβ42 levels just above cut-off. Now, in discordant cases, CSF was more often AD-positive than [11C]PIB PET.
Concordance between CSF Aβ42 and [11C]PIB PET was good in all diagnostic groups. Discordance was mostly seen in MCI and AD patients close to the cut-point. These results provide convergent validity for the use of both types of biomarkers as measures of AD pathology.