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Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum from different areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy).
Chem Biodivers. 2014 Apr; 11(4):639-51.CB

Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum, growing wild in three different localities in the Southern Apennines, was studied by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses. In total, 103 compounds were identified. The oils were mainly composed of phenolic compounds and all oils belonged to the chemotype carvacrol/thymol. The three essential oils were evaluated for their in vitro phytotoxic activity by determining their influence on the germination and initial radicle elongation of Sinapis arvensis L., Phalaris canariensis L., Lepidium sativum L., and Raphanus sativus L. The seed germination and radicle growth were affected in various degrees. Moreover, the antifungal activity of the three essential oils was assayed against three species causing pre- and postharvest fruit decay (Monilinia laxa, M. fructigena, and M. fructicola). At 1000 ppm, the three oils completely inhibited fungal growth. The hemolytic activity of the oils was assayed and showed no effect on the cell membranes of bovine erythrocytes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, I-84084 Fisciano (Salerno) (phone: +39-089969751; fax: +39-089969602).No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24706631

Citation

Mancini, Emilia, et al. "Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Origanum Vulgare Ssp. Hirtum From Different Areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy)." Chemistry & Biodiversity, vol. 11, no. 4, 2014, pp. 639-51.
Mancini E, Camele I, Elshafie HS, et al. Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum from different areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy). Chem Biodivers. 2014;11(4):639-51.
Mancini, E., Camele, I., Elshafie, H. S., De Martino, L., Pellegrino, C., Grulova, D., & De Feo, V. (2014). Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum from different areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy). Chemistry & Biodiversity, 11(4), 639-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201300326
Mancini E, et al. Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Origanum Vulgare Ssp. Hirtum From Different Areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy). Chem Biodivers. 2014;11(4):639-51. PubMed PMID: 24706631.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum from different areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy). AU - Mancini,Emilia, AU - Camele,Ippolito, AU - Elshafie,Hazem S, AU - De Martino,Laura, AU - Pellegrino,Carlo, AU - Grulova,Daniela, AU - De Feo,Vincenzo, PY - 2013/10/02/received PY - 2014/4/8/entrez PY - 2014/4/8/pubmed PY - 2015/5/20/medline KW - Antifungal activity KW - Essential oils KW - Hemolytic activity KW - Origanum vulgare KW - Phytotoxic activity SP - 639 EP - 51 JF - Chemistry & biodiversity JO - Chem Biodivers VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - The chemical composition of the essential oils of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum, growing wild in three different localities in the Southern Apennines, was studied by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses. In total, 103 compounds were identified. The oils were mainly composed of phenolic compounds and all oils belonged to the chemotype carvacrol/thymol. The three essential oils were evaluated for their in vitro phytotoxic activity by determining their influence on the germination and initial radicle elongation of Sinapis arvensis L., Phalaris canariensis L., Lepidium sativum L., and Raphanus sativus L. The seed germination and radicle growth were affected in various degrees. Moreover, the antifungal activity of the three essential oils was assayed against three species causing pre- and postharvest fruit decay (Monilinia laxa, M. fructigena, and M. fructicola). At 1000 ppm, the three oils completely inhibited fungal growth. The hemolytic activity of the oils was assayed and showed no effect on the cell membranes of bovine erythrocytes. SN - 1612-1880 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24706631/Chemical_composition_and_biological_activity_of_the_essential_oil_of_Origanum_vulgare_ssp__hirtum_from_different_areas_in_the_Southern_Apennines__Italy__ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -