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Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e94026.Plos

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine whether traditional and cyber bullying victimization were associated with adolescent's mental health problems and suicidal ideation at two-year follow-up. Gender differences were explored to determine whether bullying affects boys and girls differently.

METHODS

A two-year longitudinal study was conducted among first-year secondary school students (N = 3181). Traditional and cyber bullying victimization were assessed at baseline, whereas mental health status and suicidal ideation were assessed at baseline and follow-up by means of self-report questionnaires. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess associations between these variables while controlling for baseline problems. Additionally, we tested whether gender differences in mental health and suicidal ideation were present for the two types of bullying.

RESULTS

There was a significant interaction between gender and traditional bullying victimization and between gender and cyber bullying victimization on mental health problems. Among boys, traditional and cyber bullying victimization were not related to mental health problems after controlling for baseline mental health. Among girls, both traditional and cyber bullying victimization were associated with mental health problems after controlling for baseline mental health. No significant interaction between gender and traditional or cyber bullying victimization on suicidal ideation was found. Traditional bullying victimization was associated with suicidal ideation, whereas cyber bullying victimization was not associated with suicidal ideation after controlling for baseline suicidal ideation.

CONCLUSIONS

Traditional bullying victimization is associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, whereas traditional, as well as cyber bullying victimization is associated with an increased risk of mental health problems among girls. These findings stress the importance of programs aimed at reducing bullying behavior, especially because early-onset mental health problems may pose a risk for the development of psychiatric disorders in adulthood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam area, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam area, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24718563

Citation

Bannink, Rienke, et al. "Cyber and Traditional Bullying Victimization as a Risk Factor for Mental Health Problems and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 4, 2014, pp. e94026.
Bannink R, Broeren S, van de Looij-Jansen PM, et al. Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e94026.
Bannink, R., Broeren, S., van de Looij-Jansen, P. M., de Waart, F. G., & Raat, H. (2014). Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents. PloS One, 9(4), e94026. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094026
Bannink R, et al. Cyber and Traditional Bullying Victimization as a Risk Factor for Mental Health Problems and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e94026. PubMed PMID: 24718563.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents. AU - Bannink,Rienke, AU - Broeren,Suzanne, AU - van de Looij-Jansen,Petra M, AU - de Waart,Frouwkje G, AU - Raat,Hein, Y1 - 2014/04/09/ PY - 2013/10/01/received PY - 2014/03/09/accepted PY - 2014/4/11/entrez PY - 2014/4/11/pubmed PY - 2015/6/17/medline SP - e94026 EP - e94026 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: To examine whether traditional and cyber bullying victimization were associated with adolescent's mental health problems and suicidal ideation at two-year follow-up. Gender differences were explored to determine whether bullying affects boys and girls differently. METHODS: A two-year longitudinal study was conducted among first-year secondary school students (N = 3181). Traditional and cyber bullying victimization were assessed at baseline, whereas mental health status and suicidal ideation were assessed at baseline and follow-up by means of self-report questionnaires. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess associations between these variables while controlling for baseline problems. Additionally, we tested whether gender differences in mental health and suicidal ideation were present for the two types of bullying. RESULTS: There was a significant interaction between gender and traditional bullying victimization and between gender and cyber bullying victimization on mental health problems. Among boys, traditional and cyber bullying victimization were not related to mental health problems after controlling for baseline mental health. Among girls, both traditional and cyber bullying victimization were associated with mental health problems after controlling for baseline mental health. No significant interaction between gender and traditional or cyber bullying victimization on suicidal ideation was found. Traditional bullying victimization was associated with suicidal ideation, whereas cyber bullying victimization was not associated with suicidal ideation after controlling for baseline suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS: Traditional bullying victimization is associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, whereas traditional, as well as cyber bullying victimization is associated with an increased risk of mental health problems among girls. These findings stress the importance of programs aimed at reducing bullying behavior, especially because early-onset mental health problems may pose a risk for the development of psychiatric disorders in adulthood. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24718563/Cyber_and_traditional_bullying_victimization_as_a_risk_factor_for_mental_health_problems_and_suicidal_ideation_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094026 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -