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Peer influence and context: the interdependence of friendship groups, schoolmates and network density in predicting substance use.
J Youth Adolesc. 2014 Sep; 43(9):1436-52.JY

Abstract

This article focuses on the degree to which friends' influence on substance use is conditioned by the consistency between their behavior and that of schoolmates (individuals enrolled in the same school, but not identified as friends), contributing to the literature on the complexity of interactive social influences during adolescence. Specifically, it hypothesizes that friends' influence will diminish as their norms become less similar to that of schoolmates. The authors also propose that this conditioning relationship is related to the density of the friendship group. This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (AddHealth) (n ~ 8,000, 55% female) to examine the interactive relationship between friend and schoolmate influences on adolescent substance use (smoking and drinking). The sample contains students ranging from age 11 to 22 and is 60% White. The findings demonstrate that, as the substance use of the friendship group becomes more dissimilar from schoolmates' substance use, the friendship group's influence on adolescent substance use diminishes. Further, the results demonstrate that this conditioning relationship does not emerge when the friendship group is highly dense.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, 2220 L LeFrak Hall, College Park, MD, 20742, USA, jmcgloin@umd.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24723051

Citation

McGloin, Jean Marie, et al. "Peer Influence and Context: the Interdependence of Friendship Groups, Schoolmates and Network Density in Predicting Substance Use." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 43, no. 9, 2014, pp. 1436-52.
McGloin JM, Sullivan CJ, Thomas KJ. Peer influence and context: the interdependence of friendship groups, schoolmates and network density in predicting substance use. J Youth Adolesc. 2014;43(9):1436-52.
McGloin, J. M., Sullivan, C. J., & Thomas, K. J. (2014). Peer influence and context: the interdependence of friendship groups, schoolmates and network density in predicting substance use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(9), 1436-52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0126-7
McGloin JM, Sullivan CJ, Thomas KJ. Peer Influence and Context: the Interdependence of Friendship Groups, Schoolmates and Network Density in Predicting Substance Use. J Youth Adolesc. 2014;43(9):1436-52. PubMed PMID: 24723051.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Peer influence and context: the interdependence of friendship groups, schoolmates and network density in predicting substance use. AU - McGloin,Jean Marie, AU - Sullivan,Christopher J, AU - Thomas,Kyle J, Y1 - 2014/04/11/ PY - 2014/02/05/received PY - 2014/03/31/accepted PY - 2014/4/12/entrez PY - 2014/4/12/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline SP - 1436 EP - 52 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 43 IS - 9 N2 - This article focuses on the degree to which friends' influence on substance use is conditioned by the consistency between their behavior and that of schoolmates (individuals enrolled in the same school, but not identified as friends), contributing to the literature on the complexity of interactive social influences during adolescence. Specifically, it hypothesizes that friends' influence will diminish as their norms become less similar to that of schoolmates. The authors also propose that this conditioning relationship is related to the density of the friendship group. This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (AddHealth) (n ~ 8,000, 55% female) to examine the interactive relationship between friend and schoolmate influences on adolescent substance use (smoking and drinking). The sample contains students ranging from age 11 to 22 and is 60% White. The findings demonstrate that, as the substance use of the friendship group becomes more dissimilar from schoolmates' substance use, the friendship group's influence on adolescent substance use diminishes. Further, the results demonstrate that this conditioning relationship does not emerge when the friendship group is highly dense. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24723051/Peer_influence_and_context:_the_interdependence_of_friendship_groups_schoolmates_and_network_density_in_predicting_substance_use_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0126-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -