Predictive factors for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae causing infection among intensive care unit patients with prior colonization.Infection. 2014 Aug; 42(4):743-8.I
We investigated the predictive factors for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) causing infections among intensive care unit patients with prior documented ESBL-PE colonization. Using multivariate analysis, referral from medical ward, nursing home or rehabilitation center [Odds ratio (OR), 2.5; 95 % confidence interval (CI), [1.3-5.0]; p = 0.007], previous fluoroquinolone treatment (OR, 3.4; CI, [1.1-10.5]; p = 0.003), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (OR, 4.6; CI, [1.3-15.9]; p = 0.02), and absence of prior positive ESBL-PE rectal swab culture (OR, 5.0; CI, [1.6-10.0]; p = 0.0009) were risk factors for ESBL-PE infection. Easily identifiable factors may help with targeting carbapenem prescriptions.