Comparison of tooth development stage of the maxillary anterior teeth before and after secondary alveolar bone graft: Unilateral cleft lip and alveolus vs unilateral cleft lip and palate.Angle Orthod. 2014 Nov; 84(6):989-94.AO
To compare the effect of secondary alveolar bone graft (SABG) on the tooth development stage of the maxillary central incisor (MXCI) and maxillary canine (MXC) in terms of the severity of unilateral cleft.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The subjects consisted of 50 boys with unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (UCLA) or unilateral cleft lip, alveolus, and palate (UCLP). The age- and sex-matched subjects were divided into group 1 (UCLA, n = 25; 9.3 ± 0.8 years old) and group 2 (UCLP, n = 25; 9.4 ± 0.6 years old). In panoramic radiographs taken 1 month before (T0) and 1 year after SABG (T1), tooth development stage was evaluated according to the Nolla developmental (ND) stage. A panoramic radiograph taken 3 years after SABG was used as a reference for the final root length of individual tooth.
In groups 1 and 2, the ND stage of the MXCI did not exhibit differences between the cleft and non-cleft sides at T0 and T1, respectively. However, although the ND stage of the MXC of group 2 was delayed on the cleft side compared with the non-cleft side at T0 (P < .05), the MXC on the cleft side developed faster than that on the non-cleft side after SABG (P < .01). In terms of tooth development speed, group 2 showed a higher rate of faster developed MXCs on the cleft side compared with the non-cleft side after SABG than group 1 (36.0% vs 8.0%, P < .05).
SABG performed at approximately 9 years of age might increase tooth development speed of MXC in patients with UCLP compared with patients with UCLA.