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Dietary patterns in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Nutrients. 2014 Apr 14; 6(4):1539-53.N

Abstract

The role of diet in the behavior of children has been controversial, but the association of several nutritional factors with childhood behavioral disorders has been continually suggested. We conducted a case-control study to identify dietary patterns associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study included 192 elementary school students aged seven to 12 years. Three non-consecutive 24-h recall (HR) interviews were employed to assess dietary intake, and 32 predefined food groups were considered in a principal components analysis (PCA). PCA identified four major dietary patterns: the "traditional" pattern, the "seaweed-egg" pattern, the "traditional-healthy" pattern, and the "snack" pattern. The traditional-healthy pattern is characterized by a diet low in fat and high in carbohydrates as well as high intakes of fatty acids and minerals. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of ADHD for the highest tertile of the traditional-healthy pattern in comparison with the lowest tertile was 0.31 (95% CI: 0.12-0.79). The score of the snack pattern was positively associated with the risk of ADHD, but a significant association was observed only in the second tertile. A significant association between ADHD and the dietary pattern score was not found for the other two dietary patterns. In conclusion, the traditional-healthy dietary pattern was associated with lower odds having ADHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769, Korea. eastsea93@hanmail.net.Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769, Korea. ellebass@gmail.com.Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. juhui978@dau.ac.kr.Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. juhui978@dau.ac.kr.Heavy Metal Exposure Environmental Health Center, Dong-A University, 32, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-714, Korea. juhui978@dau.ac.kr.Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. bmchoe@dau.ac.kr.Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. pjhkorea@hanmail.net.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Busan 614-735, Korea. forevery99@hanmail.net.Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. pedendo@dau.ac.kr.Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Dong-A University Hospital, 26 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-715, Korea. hwchueh@dau.ac.kr.Department of Pediatrics, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, 262, Gamcheon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-702, Korea. agasoa@hanmail.net.Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, 179, Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-739, Korea. glory0123@hanmail.net.Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769, Korea. jskim@ncc.re.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24736898

Citation

Woo, Hae Dong, et al. "Dietary Patterns in Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)." Nutrients, vol. 6, no. 4, 2014, pp. 1539-53.
Woo HD, Kim DW, Hong YS, et al. Dietary patterns in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nutrients. 2014;6(4):1539-53.
Woo, H. D., Kim, D. W., Hong, Y. S., Kim, Y. M., Seo, J. H., Choe, B. M., Park, J. H., Kang, J. W., Yoo, J. H., Chueh, H. W., Lee, J. H., Kwak, M. J., & Kim, J. (2014). Dietary patterns in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nutrients, 6(4), 1539-53. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6041539
Woo HD, et al. Dietary Patterns in Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Nutrients. 2014 Apr 14;6(4):1539-53. PubMed PMID: 24736898.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary patterns in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AU - Woo,Hae Dong, AU - Kim,Dong Woo, AU - Hong,Young-Seoub, AU - Kim,Yu-Mi, AU - Seo,Ju-Hee, AU - Choe,Byeong Moo, AU - Park,Jae Hong, AU - Kang,Je-Wook, AU - Yoo,Jae-Ho, AU - Chueh,Hee Won, AU - Lee,Jung Hyun, AU - Kwak,Min Jung, AU - Kim,Jeongseon, Y1 - 2014/04/14/ PY - 2014/02/12/received PY - 2014/03/17/revised PY - 2014/03/28/accepted PY - 2014/4/17/entrez PY - 2014/4/17/pubmed PY - 2014/12/17/medline SP - 1539 EP - 53 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - The role of diet in the behavior of children has been controversial, but the association of several nutritional factors with childhood behavioral disorders has been continually suggested. We conducted a case-control study to identify dietary patterns associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study included 192 elementary school students aged seven to 12 years. Three non-consecutive 24-h recall (HR) interviews were employed to assess dietary intake, and 32 predefined food groups were considered in a principal components analysis (PCA). PCA identified four major dietary patterns: the "traditional" pattern, the "seaweed-egg" pattern, the "traditional-healthy" pattern, and the "snack" pattern. The traditional-healthy pattern is characterized by a diet low in fat and high in carbohydrates as well as high intakes of fatty acids and minerals. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of ADHD for the highest tertile of the traditional-healthy pattern in comparison with the lowest tertile was 0.31 (95% CI: 0.12-0.79). The score of the snack pattern was positively associated with the risk of ADHD, but a significant association was observed only in the second tertile. A significant association between ADHD and the dietary pattern score was not found for the other two dietary patterns. In conclusion, the traditional-healthy dietary pattern was associated with lower odds having ADHD. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24736898/full_citation L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu6041539 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -