Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Caloric beverages were major sources of energy among children and adults in Mexico, 1999-2012.
J Nutr. 2014 Jun; 144(6):949-56.JN

Abstract

Mexico, with 1 of the highest obesity prevalences in the world, instituted a 10% excise tax for any sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) starting on 1 January 2014. Understanding the recent patterns and trends in beverage intake and sales in Mexico provides both background and baseline data for the importance of SSBs and other beverages in the Mexican diet. We analyzed a single 24-h dietary recall from 2 nationally representative surveys: the Mexican Nutrition Survey 1999 (n = 6049) and the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 (n = 10,343). To describe trends and patterns in beverages, we calculated the volume and energy intake per capita and per consumer and the proportion of consumers of each beverage group in each survey. A commercial sales dataset was used to describe beverage sales trends from 1999 to 2012. From 1999 to 2012, total daily energy from beverages increased among children aged 5-11 y (+45.3 kcal), females aged 12-19 y (+57.3 kcal), and adult females aged 20-49 y (+96.4 kcal) (P < 0.05). Over the same period, intake of beverages with added sugars increased, specifically flavored milk, agua fresca (fruit water made in stalls or at home, usually with added sugars), and fruit drinks among children aged 5-11 y and females aged 12-19 y and caloric coffee/tea, soda, and agua fresca among adult females aged 20-49 y. In 2012, beverages represented 17.5% (325 kcal) and 19.0% (382 kcal) of the total daily energy intake per capita in children aged 1-19 y and adults aged ≥20 y, respectively. In 2012, flavored milk beverages, caloric soda, and high-fat milk were the top 3 major contributors to total daily energy intake per capita in all children aged 1-19 y. Caloric soda, caloric coffee/tea, and agua fresca were the top 3 major energy contributors in adults aged ≥20 y. From 1999 to 2012, sales of soda, fruit-flavored drinks, and flavored waters increased. In conclusion, consumption of several beverages with added sugars increased among children and adult females in Mexico. Because caloric soda is currently 1 of the top beverages consumed, a 10% tax on SSBs might help to significantly reduce added sugars intake in Mexico.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; and.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; and.Nutrition and Health Research Center, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.Nutrition and Health Research Center, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; and popkin@unc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24744311

Citation

Stern, Dalia, et al. "Caloric Beverages Were Major Sources of Energy Among Children and Adults in Mexico, 1999-2012." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 144, no. 6, 2014, pp. 949-56.
Stern D, Piernas C, Barquera S, et al. Caloric beverages were major sources of energy among children and adults in Mexico, 1999-2012. J Nutr. 2014;144(6):949-56.
Stern, D., Piernas, C., Barquera, S., Rivera, J. A., & Popkin, B. M. (2014). Caloric beverages were major sources of energy among children and adults in Mexico, 1999-2012. The Journal of Nutrition, 144(6), 949-56. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.190652
Stern D, et al. Caloric Beverages Were Major Sources of Energy Among Children and Adults in Mexico, 1999-2012. J Nutr. 2014;144(6):949-56. PubMed PMID: 24744311.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caloric beverages were major sources of energy among children and adults in Mexico, 1999-2012. AU - Stern,Dalia, AU - Piernas,Carmen, AU - Barquera,Simon, AU - Rivera,Juan A, AU - Popkin,Barry M, Y1 - 2014/04/17/ PY - 2014/4/19/entrez PY - 2014/4/20/pubmed PY - 2014/7/8/medline SP - 949 EP - 56 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J. Nutr. VL - 144 IS - 6 N2 - Mexico, with 1 of the highest obesity prevalences in the world, instituted a 10% excise tax for any sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) starting on 1 January 2014. Understanding the recent patterns and trends in beverage intake and sales in Mexico provides both background and baseline data for the importance of SSBs and other beverages in the Mexican diet. We analyzed a single 24-h dietary recall from 2 nationally representative surveys: the Mexican Nutrition Survey 1999 (n = 6049) and the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 (n = 10,343). To describe trends and patterns in beverages, we calculated the volume and energy intake per capita and per consumer and the proportion of consumers of each beverage group in each survey. A commercial sales dataset was used to describe beverage sales trends from 1999 to 2012. From 1999 to 2012, total daily energy from beverages increased among children aged 5-11 y (+45.3 kcal), females aged 12-19 y (+57.3 kcal), and adult females aged 20-49 y (+96.4 kcal) (P < 0.05). Over the same period, intake of beverages with added sugars increased, specifically flavored milk, agua fresca (fruit water made in stalls or at home, usually with added sugars), and fruit drinks among children aged 5-11 y and females aged 12-19 y and caloric coffee/tea, soda, and agua fresca among adult females aged 20-49 y. In 2012, beverages represented 17.5% (325 kcal) and 19.0% (382 kcal) of the total daily energy intake per capita in children aged 1-19 y and adults aged ≥20 y, respectively. In 2012, flavored milk beverages, caloric soda, and high-fat milk were the top 3 major contributors to total daily energy intake per capita in all children aged 1-19 y. Caloric soda, caloric coffee/tea, and agua fresca were the top 3 major energy contributors in adults aged ≥20 y. From 1999 to 2012, sales of soda, fruit-flavored drinks, and flavored waters increased. In conclusion, consumption of several beverages with added sugars increased among children and adult females in Mexico. Because caloric soda is currently 1 of the top beverages consumed, a 10% tax on SSBs might help to significantly reduce added sugars intake in Mexico. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24744311/Caloric_beverages_were_major_sources_of_energy_among_children_and_adults_in_Mexico_1999_2012_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/jn.114.190652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -