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What do Different Beliefs Tell us? An Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs.
Cogn Dev. 2014 Apr 01; 30(April - June 2014):15-29.CD

Abstract

Children and adults differentiate statements of religious belief from statements of fact and opinion, but the basis of that differentiation remains unclear. Across three experiments, adults and 8-10-year-old children heard statements of factual, opinion-based, and religious belief. Adults and children judged that statements of factual belief revealed more about the world, statements of opinion revealed more about individuals, and statements of religious belief provided information about both. Children-unlike adults-judged that statements of religious belief revealed more about the world than the believer. These results led to three conclusions. First, judgments concerning the relative amount of information statements of religious belief provide about individuals change across development, perhaps because adults have more experience with diversity. Second, recognizing that statements of religious belief provide information about both the world and the believer does not require protracted learning. Third, statements of religious belief are interpreted as amalgams of factual and opinion-based statements.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Boston College, Department of Psychology, 140 Commonwealth Ave., Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, United States.Harvard University, Department of Psychology, 33 Kirkland St., Cambridge, MA 02138, United States. spelke@wjh.harvard.edu.Harvard Graduate School of Education, 14 Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States. paul_harris@gse.harvard.edu.Harvard University, Department of Psychology, 33 Kirkland St., Cambridge, MA 02138, United States. mahzarin_banaji@harvard.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24748720

Citation

Heiphetz, Larisa, et al. "What Do Different Beliefs Tell Us? an Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs." Cognitive Development, vol. 30, no. April - June 2014, 2014, pp. 15-29.
Heiphetz L, Spelke ES, Harris PL, et al. What do Different Beliefs Tell us? An Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs. Cogn Dev. 2014;30(April - June 2014):15-29.
Heiphetz, L., Spelke, E. S., Harris, P. L., & Banaji, M. R. (2014). What do Different Beliefs Tell us? An Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs. Cognitive Development, 30(April - June 2014), 15-29.
Heiphetz L, et al. What Do Different Beliefs Tell Us? an Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs. Cogn Dev. 2014 Apr 1;30(April - June 2014):15-29. PubMed PMID: 24748720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - What do Different Beliefs Tell us? An Examination of Factual, Opinion-Based, and Religious Beliefs. AU - Heiphetz,Larisa, AU - Spelke,Elizabeth S, AU - Harris,Paul L, AU - Banaji,Mahzarin R, PY - 2014/4/22/entrez PY - 2014/4/22/pubmed PY - 2014/4/22/medline KW - beliefs KW - epistemological development KW - religious cognition KW - social cognition KW - social cognitive development SP - 15 EP - 29 JF - Cognitive development JO - Cogn Dev VL - 30 IS - April - June 2014 N2 - Children and adults differentiate statements of religious belief from statements of fact and opinion, but the basis of that differentiation remains unclear. Across three experiments, adults and 8-10-year-old children heard statements of factual, opinion-based, and religious belief. Adults and children judged that statements of factual belief revealed more about the world, statements of opinion revealed more about individuals, and statements of religious belief provided information about both. Children-unlike adults-judged that statements of religious belief revealed more about the world than the believer. These results led to three conclusions. First, judgments concerning the relative amount of information statements of religious belief provide about individuals change across development, perhaps because adults have more experience with diversity. Second, recognizing that statements of religious belief provide information about both the world and the believer does not require protracted learning. Third, statements of religious belief are interpreted as amalgams of factual and opinion-based statements. SN - 0885-2014 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24748720/What_do_Different_Beliefs_Tell_us_An_Examination_of_Factual_Opinion_Based_and_Religious_Beliefs_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24748720/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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