A variant within intron 1 of the PTPN22 gene decreases the genetic susceptibility of ankylosing spondylitis in a central south Chinese Han population.Scand J Rheumatol. 2014; 43(5):380-4.SJ
The protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) is generally accepted as a key factor in maintaining immune cellular homeostasis. So far, no association has been reported between the polymorphisms of PTPN22 and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in Chinese populations. We attempted to explore the association between the PTPN22 gene and AS in a central south Chinese Han population.
Our study involved 180 HLA-B27(+) unrelated patients and 360 HLA-B27(-) healthy individuals. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: rs2476601, rs1217414, rs1217418, rs1746853, rs1970559, rs3765598, and rs3811021) were detected. Genotyping was conducted using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method.
rs2476601 was not polymorphic enough in both patients and controls. The SNP rs1217414 was found to be associated with AS but the other five of the seven selected SNPs (rs1217418, rs1746853, rs1970559, rs3765598 and rs3811021) were not.
The PTPN22 gene might be associated with AS in a central south Chinese Han population.