Suppressed bone turnover was associated with increased osteoporotic fracture risks in non-obese postmenopausal Chinese women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Osteoporos Int. 2014 Aug; 25(8):1999-2005.OI
We found that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was associated with increased fracture risks in non-obese postmenopausal Chinese women, and suppressed bone turnover might be the underlying mechanism. This is the first study evaluating and explaining the association of T2DM with osteoporotic fracture in Chinese population with such high homogeneity.
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of T2DM with osteoporotic fracture in postmenopausal Chinese women.
One thousand four hundred ten postmenopausal women were included and stratified into non-obese population [body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m(2)] and obese population (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2)). Each type of population was classified into diabetes group, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) group, and normal glucose group. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX) and serum N-amino terminal prepeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP) were quantified. Vertebral fractures (VFs) and non-VFs were assessed by vertebral X-ray and questionnaire, respectively.
Comparing to normal glucose group, diabetes group and IFG group both had lower levels of P1NP and β-CTX, despite population types. Despite having non-decreased BMD, non-obese diabetic patients had higher risks of total fracture and VF than BMI-matched normal glucose subjects (both P < 0.05). Non-obese population was further classified by a mean value of P1NP or β-CTX. Non-obese diabetic patients with low P1NP or high β-CTX had higher fracture risks (both P < 0.05), comparing to non-obese normal glucose subjects with high P1NP or high β-CTX, respectively.
Type 2 diabetic patients had suppressed bone turnover, which might explain the increased fracture risks, independent of BMD. IFG patients might also have poor bone quality and need early prevention.