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Victims, bullies, and their defenders: a longitudinal study of the coevolution of positive and negative networks.
Dev Psychopathol. 2014 Aug; 26(3):645-59.DP

Abstract

The complex interplay between bullying/victimization and defending was examined using a longitudinal social network approach (stochastic actor-based models). The (co)evolution of these relations within three elementary schools (Grades 2-5 at Time 1, ages 8-11, N = 354 children) was investigated across three time points within a year. Most bullies and defenders were in the same grade as the victims, although a substantial number of bullies and defenders were in other grades (most often one grade higher). Defenders were usually of the same gender as the victims, whereas most bullies were boys, with boys bullying both boys and girls. In line with goal-framing theory, multiplex network analyses provided evidence for the social support hypothesis (victims with the same bullies defended each other over time) as well as the retaliation hypothesis (defenders run the risk of becoming victimized by the bullies of the victims they defend). In addition, the analysis revealed that bullies with the same victims defended each other over time and that defenders of bullies initiated harassment of those bullies' victims. This study can be seen as a starting point in unraveling the relationship dynamics among bullying, victimization, and defending networks in schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Groningen.University of Groningen.University of Groningen.University of Groningen.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24762337

Citation

Huitsing, Gijs, et al. "Victims, Bullies, and Their Defenders: a Longitudinal Study of the Coevolution of Positive and Negative Networks." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 26, no. 3, 2014, pp. 645-59.
Huitsing G, Snijders TA, Van Duijn MA, et al. Victims, bullies, and their defenders: a longitudinal study of the coevolution of positive and negative networks. Dev Psychopathol. 2014;26(3):645-59.
Huitsing, G., Snijders, T. A., Van Duijn, M. A., & Veenstra, R. (2014). Victims, bullies, and their defenders: a longitudinal study of the coevolution of positive and negative networks. Development and Psychopathology, 26(3), 645-59. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579414000297
Huitsing G, et al. Victims, Bullies, and Their Defenders: a Longitudinal Study of the Coevolution of Positive and Negative Networks. Dev Psychopathol. 2014;26(3):645-59. PubMed PMID: 24762337.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Victims, bullies, and their defenders: a longitudinal study of the coevolution of positive and negative networks. AU - Huitsing,Gijs, AU - Snijders,Tom A B, AU - Van Duijn,Marijtje A J, AU - Veenstra,René, Y1 - 2014/04/25/ PY - 2014/4/26/entrez PY - 2014/4/26/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline SP - 645 EP - 59 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev Psychopathol VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - The complex interplay between bullying/victimization and defending was examined using a longitudinal social network approach (stochastic actor-based models). The (co)evolution of these relations within three elementary schools (Grades 2-5 at Time 1, ages 8-11, N = 354 children) was investigated across three time points within a year. Most bullies and defenders were in the same grade as the victims, although a substantial number of bullies and defenders were in other grades (most often one grade higher). Defenders were usually of the same gender as the victims, whereas most bullies were boys, with boys bullying both boys and girls. In line with goal-framing theory, multiplex network analyses provided evidence for the social support hypothesis (victims with the same bullies defended each other over time) as well as the retaliation hypothesis (defenders run the risk of becoming victimized by the bullies of the victims they defend). In addition, the analysis revealed that bullies with the same victims defended each other over time and that defenders of bullies initiated harassment of those bullies' victims. This study can be seen as a starting point in unraveling the relationship dynamics among bullying, victimization, and defending networks in schools. SN - 1469-2198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24762337/Victims_bullies_and_their_defenders:_a_longitudinal_study_of_the_coevolution_of_positive_and_negative_networks_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579414000297/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -