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School violence and bullying among sexual minority high school students, 2009-2011.
J Adolesc Health. 2014 Sep; 55(3):432-8.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

School-based victimization has short- and long-term implications for the health and academic lives of sexual minority students. This analysis assessed the prevalence and relative risk of school violence and bullying among sexual minority and heterosexual high school students.

METHODS

Youth Risk Behavior Survey data from 10 states and 10 large urban school districts that assessed sexual identity and had weighted data in the 2009 and/or 2011 cycle were combined to create two large population-based data sets, one containing state data and one containing district data. Prevalence of physical fighting, being threatened or injured with a weapon, weapon carrying, and being bullied on school property and not going to school because of safety concerns was calculated. Associations between these behaviors and sexual identity were identified.

RESULTS

In the state data, sexual minority male students were at greater risk for being threatened or injured with a weapon, not going to school because of safety concerns and being bullied than heterosexual male students. Sexual minority female students were at greater risk than heterosexual female students for all five behaviors. In the district data, with one exception, sexual minority male and female students were at greater risk for all five behaviors than heterosexual students.

CONCLUSIONS

Sexual minority students still routinely experience more school victimization than their heterosexual counterparts. The implementation of comprehensive, evidence-based programs and policies has the ability to reduce school violence and bullying, especially among sexual minority students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: eolsen@cdc.gov.Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24768163

Citation

O'Malley Olsen, Emily, et al. "School Violence and Bullying Among Sexual Minority High School Students, 2009-2011." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 55, no. 3, 2014, pp. 432-8.
O'Malley Olsen E, Kann L, Vivolo-Kantor A, et al. School violence and bullying among sexual minority high school students, 2009-2011. J Adolesc Health. 2014;55(3):432-8.
O'Malley Olsen, E., Kann, L., Vivolo-Kantor, A., Kinchen, S., & McManus, T. (2014). School violence and bullying among sexual minority high school students, 2009-2011. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 55(3), 432-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.03.002
O'Malley Olsen E, et al. School Violence and Bullying Among Sexual Minority High School Students, 2009-2011. J Adolesc Health. 2014;55(3):432-8. PubMed PMID: 24768163.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School violence and bullying among sexual minority high school students, 2009-2011. AU - O'Malley Olsen,Emily, AU - Kann,Laura, AU - Vivolo-Kantor,Alana, AU - Kinchen,Steve, AU - McManus,Tim, Y1 - 2014/04/24/ PY - 2013/11/12/received PY - 2014/03/05/revised PY - 2014/03/05/accepted PY - 2014/4/29/entrez PY - 2014/4/29/pubmed PY - 2015/5/15/medline KW - LGBT youth KW - School bullying KW - School violence KW - Sexual minority students KW - Youth Risk Behavior Surveys SP - 432 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 55 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: School-based victimization has short- and long-term implications for the health and academic lives of sexual minority students. This analysis assessed the prevalence and relative risk of school violence and bullying among sexual minority and heterosexual high school students. METHODS: Youth Risk Behavior Survey data from 10 states and 10 large urban school districts that assessed sexual identity and had weighted data in the 2009 and/or 2011 cycle were combined to create two large population-based data sets, one containing state data and one containing district data. Prevalence of physical fighting, being threatened or injured with a weapon, weapon carrying, and being bullied on school property and not going to school because of safety concerns was calculated. Associations between these behaviors and sexual identity were identified. RESULTS: In the state data, sexual minority male students were at greater risk for being threatened or injured with a weapon, not going to school because of safety concerns and being bullied than heterosexual male students. Sexual minority female students were at greater risk than heterosexual female students for all five behaviors. In the district data, with one exception, sexual minority male and female students were at greater risk for all five behaviors than heterosexual students. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual minority students still routinely experience more school victimization than their heterosexual counterparts. The implementation of comprehensive, evidence-based programs and policies has the ability to reduce school violence and bullying, especially among sexual minority students. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24768163/School_violence_and_bullying_among_sexual_minority_high_school_students_2009_2011_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(14)00114-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -