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Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region, Turkey.
Food Chem. 2014 Oct 01; 160:379-92.FC

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region of Turkey. A total of 1423 samples of fresh fruit and vegetables were collected from 2010 to 2012. The samples were analysed to determine the concentrations of 186 pesticide residues. The analyses utilized ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/MS/MS) and gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD) confirmed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after a multi-residue extraction procedure (the QuEChERS method). The results were evaluated according to maximum residue limits (MRLs) for each commodity and pesticide by Turkish Regulation. All pomegranate, cauliflower and cabbage samples were pesticides-free. A total of 754 samples contained detectable residues at or below MRLs, and 48 (8.4%) of the fruit samples and 83 (9.8%) of the vegetable samples contained pesticide residues above MRLs. MRL values were most often exceeded in arugula, cucumber, lemon, and grape commodities. All detected pesticides in apricot, carrot, kiwifruit and leek were below the MRLs. Acetamiprid, chlorpyriphos and carbendazim were the most detected pesticide residues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food Control and Research Laboratory, Aybak Natura, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: gozde.turkoz@naturalab.com.tr.Food Control and Research Laboratory, Aybak Natura, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: bengu.yaman@naturalab.com.tr.Food Control and Research Laboratory, Aybak Natura, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: fatih.bakirci@naturalab.com.tr.Department of Food Engineering, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Bornova, Turkey. Electronic address: semih.otles@ege.edu.tr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24799252

Citation

Bakırcı, Gözde Türköz, et al. "Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables From the Aegean Region, Turkey." Food Chemistry, vol. 160, 2014, pp. 379-92.
Bakırcı GT, Yaman Acay DB, Bakırcı F, et al. Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region, Turkey. Food Chem. 2014;160:379-92.
Bakırcı, G. T., Yaman Acay, D. B., Bakırcı, F., & Ötleş, S. (2014). Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 160, 379-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.02.051
Bakırcı GT, et al. Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables From the Aegean Region, Turkey. Food Chem. 2014 Oct 1;160:379-92. PubMed PMID: 24799252.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region, Turkey. AU - Bakırcı,Gözde Türköz, AU - Yaman Acay,Dilek Bengü, AU - Bakırcı,Fatih, AU - Ötleş,Semih, Y1 - 2014/02/22/ PY - 2013/09/30/received PY - 2014/02/09/revised PY - 2014/02/12/accepted PY - 2014/5/7/entrez PY - 2014/5/7/pubmed PY - 2015/5/21/medline KW - Fruits and vegetables KW - GC–ECD/GC–MS KW - Pesticides residues KW - UPLC–MS/MS SP - 379 EP - 92 JF - Food chemistry JO - Food Chem VL - 160 N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from the Aegean region of Turkey. A total of 1423 samples of fresh fruit and vegetables were collected from 2010 to 2012. The samples were analysed to determine the concentrations of 186 pesticide residues. The analyses utilized ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/MS/MS) and gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD) confirmed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after a multi-residue extraction procedure (the QuEChERS method). The results were evaluated according to maximum residue limits (MRLs) for each commodity and pesticide by Turkish Regulation. All pomegranate, cauliflower and cabbage samples were pesticides-free. A total of 754 samples contained detectable residues at or below MRLs, and 48 (8.4%) of the fruit samples and 83 (9.8%) of the vegetable samples contained pesticide residues above MRLs. MRL values were most often exceeded in arugula, cucumber, lemon, and grape commodities. All detected pesticides in apricot, carrot, kiwifruit and leek were below the MRLs. Acetamiprid, chlorpyriphos and carbendazim were the most detected pesticide residues. SN - 1873-7072 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24799252/Pesticide_residues_in_fruits_and_vegetables_from_the_Aegean_region_Turkey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0308-8146(14)00226-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -