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A comparison of beverage intakes in US children based on WIC participation and eligibility.
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 May-Jun; 46(3 Suppl):S59-64.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare beverage intakes for 2- to 4-year-olds based on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation.

METHODS

Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010 were analyzed to assess beverage intakes for 2- to 4-year-olds. Children were classified as WIC participants, low-income nonparticipants, and higher-income nonparticipants. All beverages were manually coded into 6 categories: water, milk, 100% juice, fruit drinks, soda, and low-calorie/diet drinks. Grams, calories, and percent consumers of each beverage were compared across groups.

RESULTS

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children participants had the highest 100% juice consumption (P = .001) and their milk consumption was similar to higher-income children. Higher-income nonparticipants drank significantly less fruit drink (P < .001) and soda (P = .001) than both the WIC participants and low-income nonparticipants.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Participation in WIC was related to higher intakes of the beverages provided in food packages for 2- to 4-year-olds. Intakes of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverages should be addressed during the WIC nutrition education counseling sessions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH. Electronic address: rosanna.watowicz@osumc.edu.Department of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24809998

Citation

Watowicz, Rosanna P., and Christopher A. Taylor. "A Comparison of Beverage Intakes in US Children Based On WIC Participation and Eligibility." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 46, no. 3 Suppl, 2014, pp. S59-64.
Watowicz RP, Taylor CA. A comparison of beverage intakes in US children based on WIC participation and eligibility. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014;46(3 Suppl):S59-64.
Watowicz, R. P., & Taylor, C. A. (2014). A comparison of beverage intakes in US children based on WIC participation and eligibility. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 46(3 Suppl), S59-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2014.02.002
Watowicz RP, Taylor CA. A Comparison of Beverage Intakes in US Children Based On WIC Participation and Eligibility. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 May-Jun;46(3 Suppl):S59-64. PubMed PMID: 24809998.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of beverage intakes in US children based on WIC participation and eligibility. AU - Watowicz,Rosanna P, AU - Taylor,Christopher A, PY - 2013/10/01/received PY - 2014/01/30/revised PY - 2014/02/03/accepted PY - 2014/5/10/entrez PY - 2014/5/9/pubmed PY - 2015/4/4/medline KW - WIC KW - beverages KW - child KW - food assistance programs KW - fruit juice KW - poverty KW - sugar-sweetened beverage SP - S59 EP - 64 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 46 IS - 3 Suppl N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare beverage intakes for 2- to 4-year-olds based on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation. METHODS: Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010 were analyzed to assess beverage intakes for 2- to 4-year-olds. Children were classified as WIC participants, low-income nonparticipants, and higher-income nonparticipants. All beverages were manually coded into 6 categories: water, milk, 100% juice, fruit drinks, soda, and low-calorie/diet drinks. Grams, calories, and percent consumers of each beverage were compared across groups. RESULTS: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children participants had the highest 100% juice consumption (P = .001) and their milk consumption was similar to higher-income children. Higher-income nonparticipants drank significantly less fruit drink (P < .001) and soda (P = .001) than both the WIC participants and low-income nonparticipants. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Participation in WIC was related to higher intakes of the beverages provided in food packages for 2- to 4-year-olds. Intakes of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverages should be addressed during the WIC nutrition education counseling sessions. SN - 1878-2620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24809998/A_comparison_of_beverage_intakes_in_US_children_based_on_WIC_participation_and_eligibility_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1499-4046(14)00059-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -