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Congenital cataract surgery during the early enlightenment period and the Stepkins oculists.
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Jul; 132(7):883-4.JO

Abstract

From antiquity through the Renaissance, congenital blindness was generally regarded as incurable, as noted in both medical and lay publications. The earliest reference to congenital cataract surgery that we identified, reported in 1663, referred to an 18-year-old female treated by English oculist John Stepkins (d. 1652). An examination of the literature related to the Stepkins family reveals the presence of male and female oculists during that period, including his daughter, Lady Theodosia Ivy. Eye waters attributed to Stepkins contained tutty (an oxide of zinc), roses, sugar candy, and other ingredients. Interestingly, John Thomas Woolhouse, the author of the next identified report of congenital cataract surgery in 1706, stated that he was related to Stepkins. Woolhouse reported by 1721 that he had performed 36 congenital cataract surgeries, with the youngest patient being 18 months of age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Naples, Florida.Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24810006

Citation

Leffler, Christopher T., et al. "Congenital Cataract Surgery During the Early Enlightenment Period and the Stepkins Oculists." JAMA Ophthalmology, vol. 132, no. 7, 2014, pp. 883-4.
Leffler CT, Schwartz SG, Davenport B. Congenital cataract surgery during the early enlightenment period and the Stepkins oculists. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(7):883-4.
Leffler, C. T., Schwartz, S. G., & Davenport, B. (2014). Congenital cataract surgery during the early enlightenment period and the Stepkins oculists. JAMA Ophthalmology, 132(7), 883-4. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.519
Leffler CT, Schwartz SG, Davenport B. Congenital Cataract Surgery During the Early Enlightenment Period and the Stepkins Oculists. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(7):883-4. PubMed PMID: 24810006.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Congenital cataract surgery during the early enlightenment period and the Stepkins oculists. AU - Leffler,Christopher T, AU - Schwartz,Stephen G, AU - Davenport,Byrd, PY - 2014/5/10/entrez PY - 2014/5/9/pubmed PY - 2014/9/23/medline SP - 883 EP - 4 JF - JAMA ophthalmology JO - JAMA Ophthalmol VL - 132 IS - 7 N2 - From antiquity through the Renaissance, congenital blindness was generally regarded as incurable, as noted in both medical and lay publications. The earliest reference to congenital cataract surgery that we identified, reported in 1663, referred to an 18-year-old female treated by English oculist John Stepkins (d. 1652). An examination of the literature related to the Stepkins family reveals the presence of male and female oculists during that period, including his daughter, Lady Theodosia Ivy. Eye waters attributed to Stepkins contained tutty (an oxide of zinc), roses, sugar candy, and other ingredients. Interestingly, John Thomas Woolhouse, the author of the next identified report of congenital cataract surgery in 1706, stated that he was related to Stepkins. Woolhouse reported by 1721 that he had performed 36 congenital cataract surgeries, with the youngest patient being 18 months of age. SN - 2168-6173 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24810006/Congenital_cataract_surgery_during_the_early_enlightenment_period_and_the_Stepkins_oculists_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -