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Is social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education marginalized in the medical school admission process? A review and contextualization of the literature.
Acad Med. 2014 Jul; 89(7):1075-86.AM

Abstract

PURPOSE

To investigate the performance outcomes of medical students with social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education during and beyond medical school by reviewing the literature, and to contextualize this review within today's admission milieu.

METHOD

From May to July 2012, the lead author searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases, and reference lists of relevant articles, for research that compared premedical SSH education with premedical sciences education and its influence on performance during and/or after medical school. The authors extracted representative themes and relevant empirical findings. They contextualized their findings within today's admission milieu.

RESULTS

A total of 1,548 citations were identified with 20 papers included in the review. SSH premedical education is predominately an American experience. For medical students with SSH background, equivalent academic, clinical, and research performance compared with medical students with a premedical science background is reported, yet different patterns of competencies exist. Post-medical-school equivalent or improved clinical performance is associated with an SSH background. Medical students with SSH backgrounds were more likely to select primary care or psychiatry careers. SSH major/course concentration, not SSH course counts, is important for admission decision making. The impact of today's admission milieu decreases the value of an SSH premedical education.

CONCLUSIONS

Medical students with SSH premedical education perform on par with peers yet may possess different patterns of competencies, research, and career interests. However, SSH premedical education likely will not attain a significant role in medical school admission processes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mr. Hall is a third-year medical student and Leadership Education and Development (LEAD) Program scholar, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Woods is a scientist, The Wilson Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Hanson is associate dean, Admissions and Student Finances, Undergraduate Medical Education, and associate professor, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24826852

Citation

Hall, Justin N., et al. "Is Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) Premedical Education Marginalized in the Medical School Admission Process? a Review and Contextualization of the Literature." Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, vol. 89, no. 7, 2014, pp. 1075-86.
Hall JN, Woods N, Hanson MD. Is social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education marginalized in the medical school admission process? A review and contextualization of the literature. Acad Med. 2014;89(7):1075-86.
Hall, J. N., Woods, N., & Hanson, M. D. (2014). Is social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education marginalized in the medical school admission process? A review and contextualization of the literature. Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 89(7), 1075-86. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000284
Hall JN, Woods N, Hanson MD. Is Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) Premedical Education Marginalized in the Medical School Admission Process? a Review and Contextualization of the Literature. Acad Med. 2014;89(7):1075-86. PubMed PMID: 24826852.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education marginalized in the medical school admission process? A review and contextualization of the literature. AU - Hall,Justin N, AU - Woods,Nicole, AU - Hanson,Mark D, PY - 2014/5/16/entrez PY - 2014/5/16/pubmed PY - 2014/8/27/medline SP - 1075 EP - 86 JF - Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges JO - Acad Med VL - 89 IS - 7 N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the performance outcomes of medical students with social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education during and beyond medical school by reviewing the literature, and to contextualize this review within today's admission milieu. METHOD: From May to July 2012, the lead author searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases, and reference lists of relevant articles, for research that compared premedical SSH education with premedical sciences education and its influence on performance during and/or after medical school. The authors extracted representative themes and relevant empirical findings. They contextualized their findings within today's admission milieu. RESULTS: A total of 1,548 citations were identified with 20 papers included in the review. SSH premedical education is predominately an American experience. For medical students with SSH background, equivalent academic, clinical, and research performance compared with medical students with a premedical science background is reported, yet different patterns of competencies exist. Post-medical-school equivalent or improved clinical performance is associated with an SSH background. Medical students with SSH backgrounds were more likely to select primary care or psychiatry careers. SSH major/course concentration, not SSH course counts, is important for admission decision making. The impact of today's admission milieu decreases the value of an SSH premedical education. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students with SSH premedical education perform on par with peers yet may possess different patterns of competencies, research, and career interests. However, SSH premedical education likely will not attain a significant role in medical school admission processes. SN - 1938-808X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24826852/Is_social_sciences_and_humanities__SSH__premedical_education_marginalized_in_the_medical_school_admission_process_A_review_and_contextualization_of_the_literature_ L2 - https://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=24826852 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -