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Frightened versus not frightened disorganized infant attachment: Newborn characteristics and maternal caregiving.
Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2014 Mar; 84(2):201-8.AJ

Abstract

The disorganized infant has been described as experiencing "fright without solution" (Hesse & Main, 1999, p. 484) within the attachment relationship. Using a sample at risk because of poverty (n = 157), this study evaluated the role of newborn characteristics in predicting disorganized attachment and explored the existence of 2 subgroups of disorganized infants, based on whether they display direct indices of fear. For the entire sample, regression analyses revealed that newborn characteristics did not predict ratings of disorganization directly or via moderation by caregiving. Regarding subgroups, it was hypothesized that, if direct expressions of fear resulted from interaction with a frightening or frightened caregiver, it could be expected that infants in the Not Frightened subgroup would become disorganized in part because of other factors, such as compromised regulatory abilities at birth. Results supported this hypothesis for emotional regulation, but not for orientation; infants in the Not Frightened subgroup displayed limited emotional regulation as newborns. Findings suggest that the disorganized attachment category may be comprised of 2 subgroups, with direct expressions of fear as the key differentiating factor. Specifically, disorganized infants who do not display direct fear in the presence of the caregiver may have started out with compromised emotional regulation abilities at birth.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Psychology, California School of Professional Psychology.Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota.Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24826936

Citation

Padrón, Elena, et al. "Frightened Versus Not Frightened Disorganized Infant Attachment: Newborn Characteristics and Maternal Caregiving." The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 84, no. 2, 2014, pp. 201-8.
Padrón E, Carlson EA, Sroufe LA. Frightened versus not frightened disorganized infant attachment: Newborn characteristics and maternal caregiving. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2014;84(2):201-8.
Padrón, E., Carlson, E. A., & Sroufe, L. A. (2014). Frightened versus not frightened disorganized infant attachment: Newborn characteristics and maternal caregiving. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 84(2), 201-8. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0099390
Padrón E, Carlson EA, Sroufe LA. Frightened Versus Not Frightened Disorganized Infant Attachment: Newborn Characteristics and Maternal Caregiving. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2014;84(2):201-8. PubMed PMID: 24826936.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frightened versus not frightened disorganized infant attachment: Newborn characteristics and maternal caregiving. AU - Padrón,Elena, AU - Carlson,Elizabeth A, AU - Sroufe,L Alan, PY - 2014/5/16/entrez PY - 2014/5/16/pubmed PY - 2015/1/13/medline SP - 201 EP - 8 JF - The American journal of orthopsychiatry JO - Am J Orthopsychiatry VL - 84 IS - 2 N2 - The disorganized infant has been described as experiencing "fright without solution" (Hesse & Main, 1999, p. 484) within the attachment relationship. Using a sample at risk because of poverty (n = 157), this study evaluated the role of newborn characteristics in predicting disorganized attachment and explored the existence of 2 subgroups of disorganized infants, based on whether they display direct indices of fear. For the entire sample, regression analyses revealed that newborn characteristics did not predict ratings of disorganization directly or via moderation by caregiving. Regarding subgroups, it was hypothesized that, if direct expressions of fear resulted from interaction with a frightening or frightened caregiver, it could be expected that infants in the Not Frightened subgroup would become disorganized in part because of other factors, such as compromised regulatory abilities at birth. Results supported this hypothesis for emotional regulation, but not for orientation; infants in the Not Frightened subgroup displayed limited emotional regulation as newborns. Findings suggest that the disorganized attachment category may be comprised of 2 subgroups, with direct expressions of fear as the key differentiating factor. Specifically, disorganized infants who do not display direct fear in the presence of the caregiver may have started out with compromised emotional regulation abilities at birth. SN - 1939-0025 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24826936/Frightened_versus_not_frightened_disorganized_infant_attachment:_Newborn_characteristics_and_maternal_caregiving_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ort/84/2/201 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -