Room-temperature ortho-alkoxylation and -halogenation of N-tosylbenzamides by using palladium(II)-catalyzed C-H activation.Chemistry. 2014 Jun 10; 20(24):7507-13.C
The N-tosylcarboxamide group can direct the room-temperature palladium-catalyzed C-H alkoxylation and halogenation of substituted arenes in a simple and mild procedure. The room-temperature stoichiometric cyclopalladation of N-tosylbenzamide was first studied, and the ability of the palladacycle to react with oxidants to form C-X and C-O bonds under mild conditions was demonstrated. The reaction conditions were then adapted to promote room-temperature ortho-alkoxylations and ortho-halogenations of N-tosylbenzamides using palladium as catalyst. The scope and limitation of both alkoxylations and halogenations was studied and the subsequent functional transformation of the N-tosylcarboxamide group through nucleophilic additions was evaluated. This methodology offers a simple and mild route to diversely functionalized arenes.