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Examining conspiracist beliefs about the disappearance of Amelia Earhart.
J Gen Psychol 2012 Oct-Dec; 139(4):244-59JG

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that conspiracist ideation forms part of a monological belief system in which one conspiracist idea acts as evidence for new conspiracist ideas. Here, we examined this possibility in relation to an event lacking reliable or conclusive evidence, namely the disappearance of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. A total of 914 members of the British general public completed scales measuring their beliefs about the disappearance of Earhart and Noonan, belief in conspiracy theories, the Big Five personality factors, support for democratic principles, political cynicism, self-esteem, and self-assessed intelligence. Results showed that belief in conspiracy theories was associated with the endorsement of less plausible explanations for the disappearance of Earhart and Noonan. In addition, belief in less plausible explanations was also significantly associated with lower self-assessed intelligence, greater political cynicism, lower self-esteem, and higher Agreeableness scores. These results are discussed in relation to monological belief systems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a University of Westminster.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24837176

Citation

Swami, Viren, and Adrian Furnham. "Examining Conspiracist Beliefs About the Disappearance of Amelia Earhart." The Journal of General Psychology, vol. 139, no. 4, 2012, pp. 244-59.
Swami V, Furnham A. Examining conspiracist beliefs about the disappearance of Amelia Earhart. J Gen Psychol. 2012;139(4):244-59.
Swami, V., & Furnham, A. (2012). Examining conspiracist beliefs about the disappearance of Amelia Earhart. The Journal of General Psychology, 139(4), pp. 244-59. doi:10.1080/00221309.2012.697932.
Swami V, Furnham A. Examining Conspiracist Beliefs About the Disappearance of Amelia Earhart. J Gen Psychol. 2012;139(4):244-59. PubMed PMID: 24837176.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Examining conspiracist beliefs about the disappearance of Amelia Earhart. AU - Swami,Viren, AU - Furnham,Adrian, PY - 2014/5/20/entrez PY - 2012/10/1/pubmed PY - 2015/2/13/medline KW - Amelia Earhart KW - conspiracy theories KW - individual differences KW - monological belief system KW - personality SP - 244 EP - 59 JF - The Journal of general psychology JO - J Gen Psychol VL - 139 IS - 4 N2 - Previous studies have suggested that conspiracist ideation forms part of a monological belief system in which one conspiracist idea acts as evidence for new conspiracist ideas. Here, we examined this possibility in relation to an event lacking reliable or conclusive evidence, namely the disappearance of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. A total of 914 members of the British general public completed scales measuring their beliefs about the disappearance of Earhart and Noonan, belief in conspiracy theories, the Big Five personality factors, support for democratic principles, political cynicism, self-esteem, and self-assessed intelligence. Results showed that belief in conspiracy theories was associated with the endorsement of less plausible explanations for the disappearance of Earhart and Noonan. In addition, belief in less plausible explanations was also significantly associated with lower self-assessed intelligence, greater political cynicism, lower self-esteem, and higher Agreeableness scores. These results are discussed in relation to monological belief systems. SN - 1940-0888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24837176/Examining_conspiracist_beliefs_about_the_disappearance_of_Amelia_Earhart_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00221309.2012.697932 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -