Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis C virus strains and risk factors associated with infection and viral subtypes among Iranian patients.
J Med Virol. 2014 Aug; 86(8):1342-9.JM

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has infected approximately 170 million people worldwide. While the seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibody among Iranian blood donors is 0.13%, HCV infection is prevalent in 59-80% of Iranian injecting drug users. One hundred seventy-eight anti-HCV positive patients were referred to the Gastroenterology Department at the Taleghani Hospital (Tehran, Iran) between June 2007 and June 2012. Out of 178 samples, 142 were positive for HCV-RNA. HCV subtypes were determined using phylogenetic analysis of the NS5B or 5'UTR/core regions. Of 142 viremic patients, 71 (50%) were infected with HCV subtype 1a, 43 (30.3%) with subtype 3a, 20 (14.1%) with subtype 1b, 3 (2.1%) with subtype 4d, 2 (1.4%) with subtype 4a, 1 (0.7%) with subtype 2b, and 1 (0.7%) with subtype 6a. Interestingly, genetic analysis of a sub-genomic fragment from one patient identified a non-subtypeable HCV genotype-3 strain. There was a significant association between HCV subtype and a history of injecting drug use (P = 0.003). Subtype 3a was predominant among patients with such a history. Injecting drug use was associated with younger age (P < 0.001). HCV subtype was also significantly associated with a history of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (P = 0.02). Subtype 1a was more frequent among patients with such a history. In addition, history of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was significantly associated with older age (P = 0.002). In conclusion, while HCV subtype 1a is predominant among infected Iranian individuals, subtype 3a is predominant among Iranian injecting drug users.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24838700

Citation

Salehi Moghadam, Faraz, et al. "Phylogenetic Analysis of Hepatitis C Virus Strains and Risk Factors Associated With Infection and Viral Subtypes Among Iranian Patients." Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 86, no. 8, 2014, pp. 1342-9.
Salehi Moghadam F, Mohebbi SR, Hosseini SM, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis C virus strains and risk factors associated with infection and viral subtypes among Iranian patients. J Med Virol. 2014;86(8):1342-9.
Salehi Moghadam, F., Mohebbi, S. R., Hosseini, S. M., Romani, S., Mirtalebi, H., Azimzadeh, P., Damavand, B., Naghoosi, H., Khanyaghma, M., Sanati, A., & Zali, M. R. (2014). Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis C virus strains and risk factors associated with infection and viral subtypes among Iranian patients. Journal of Medical Virology, 86(8), 1342-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23947
Salehi Moghadam F, et al. Phylogenetic Analysis of Hepatitis C Virus Strains and Risk Factors Associated With Infection and Viral Subtypes Among Iranian Patients. J Med Virol. 2014;86(8):1342-9. PubMed PMID: 24838700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis C virus strains and risk factors associated with infection and viral subtypes among Iranian patients. AU - Salehi Moghadam,Faraz, AU - Mohebbi,Seyed Reza, AU - Hosseini,Seyed Masoud, AU - Romani,Sara, AU - Mirtalebi,Hanieh, AU - Azimzadeh,Pedram, AU - Damavand,Behzad, AU - Naghoosi,Hamed, AU - Khanyaghma,Mahsa, AU - Sanati,Azar, AU - Zali,Mohammad Reza, Y1 - 2014/05/16/ PY - 2014/03/28/accepted PY - 2014/5/20/entrez PY - 2014/5/20/pubmed PY - 2015/1/27/medline KW - Iran KW - genotype KW - hepatitis C virus KW - molecular epidemiology KW - phylogenetic analysis KW - subtype SP - 1342 EP - 9 JF - Journal of medical virology JO - J Med Virol VL - 86 IS - 8 N2 - Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has infected approximately 170 million people worldwide. While the seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibody among Iranian blood donors is 0.13%, HCV infection is prevalent in 59-80% of Iranian injecting drug users. One hundred seventy-eight anti-HCV positive patients were referred to the Gastroenterology Department at the Taleghani Hospital (Tehran, Iran) between June 2007 and June 2012. Out of 178 samples, 142 were positive for HCV-RNA. HCV subtypes were determined using phylogenetic analysis of the NS5B or 5'UTR/core regions. Of 142 viremic patients, 71 (50%) were infected with HCV subtype 1a, 43 (30.3%) with subtype 3a, 20 (14.1%) with subtype 1b, 3 (2.1%) with subtype 4d, 2 (1.4%) with subtype 4a, 1 (0.7%) with subtype 2b, and 1 (0.7%) with subtype 6a. Interestingly, genetic analysis of a sub-genomic fragment from one patient identified a non-subtypeable HCV genotype-3 strain. There was a significant association between HCV subtype and a history of injecting drug use (P = 0.003). Subtype 3a was predominant among patients with such a history. Injecting drug use was associated with younger age (P < 0.001). HCV subtype was also significantly associated with a history of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (P = 0.02). Subtype 1a was more frequent among patients with such a history. In addition, history of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was significantly associated with older age (P = 0.002). In conclusion, while HCV subtype 1a is predominant among infected Iranian individuals, subtype 3a is predominant among Iranian injecting drug users. SN - 1096-9071 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24838700/Phylogenetic_analysis_of_hepatitis_C_virus_strains_and_risk_factors_associated_with_infection_and_viral_subtypes_among_Iranian_patients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23947 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -