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Social Relationships and Health: The Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation.
Soc Personal Psychol Compass 2014; 8(2):58-72SP

Abstract

Research in social epidemiology suggests that the absence of positive social relationships is a significant risk factor for broad-based morbidity and mortality. The nature of these social relationships and the mechanisms underlying this association are of increasing interest as the population gets older and the health care costs associated with chronic disease escalate in industrialized countries. We review selected evidence on the nature of social relationships and focus on one particular facet of the connection continuum - the extent to which an individual feels isolated (i.e., feels lonely) in a social world. Evidence indicates that loneliness heightens sensitivity to social threats and motivates the renewal of social connections, but it can also impair executive functioning, sleep, and mental and physical well-being. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in lonely older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Chicago.University of Chicago.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24839458

Citation

Cacioppo, John T., and Stephanie Cacioppo. "Social Relationships and Health: the Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation." Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 8, no. 2, 2014, pp. 58-72.
Cacioppo JT, Cacioppo S. Social Relationships and Health: The Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation. Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2014;8(2):58-72.
Cacioppo, J. T., & Cacioppo, S. (2014). Social Relationships and Health: The Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(2), pp. 58-72.
Cacioppo JT, Cacioppo S. Social Relationships and Health: the Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation. Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2014 Feb 1;8(2):58-72. PubMed PMID: 24839458.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social Relationships and Health: The Toxic Effects of Perceived Social Isolation. AU - Cacioppo,John T, AU - Cacioppo,Stephanie, PY - 2014/5/20/entrez PY - 2014/5/20/pubmed PY - 2014/5/20/medline SP - 58 EP - 72 JF - Social and personality psychology compass JO - Soc Personal Psychol Compass VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - Research in social epidemiology suggests that the absence of positive social relationships is a significant risk factor for broad-based morbidity and mortality. The nature of these social relationships and the mechanisms underlying this association are of increasing interest as the population gets older and the health care costs associated with chronic disease escalate in industrialized countries. We review selected evidence on the nature of social relationships and focus on one particular facet of the connection continuum - the extent to which an individual feels isolated (i.e., feels lonely) in a social world. Evidence indicates that loneliness heightens sensitivity to social threats and motivates the renewal of social connections, but it can also impair executive functioning, sleep, and mental and physical well-being. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in lonely older adults. SN - 1751-9004 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24839458/Social_Relationships_and_Health:_The_Toxic_Effects_of_Perceived_Social_Isolation_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24839458/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -