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Military unit support, postdeployment social support, and PTSD symptoms among active duty and National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq.
J Anxiety Disord. 2014 Jun; 28(5):446-53.JA

Abstract

Research suggests that military unit support and community postdeployment social support are associated with fewer PTSD symptoms following military deployment. This study extended prior research by examining the associations among predeployment unit support and PTSD symptoms before Iraq deployment as well as unit support, PTSD symptoms, and postdeployment social support after deployment among 835 U.S. Army and 173 National Guard soldiers. Multiple regression analyses indicated that predeployment unit support was not significantly associated with postdeployment PTSD severity in either group of soldiers, whereas higher unit support during deployment was significantly associated with lower postdeployment PTSD severity among active duty soldiers only. Among both groups, higher levels of postdeployment social support were associated with lower levels of postdeployment PTSD symptom severity. These findings suggest that postdeployment social support is a particularly strong buffer against postdeployment PTSD symptoms among both groups of soldiers whereas the effects of unit support may be limited.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States.National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States.National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States; Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States; Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States.VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States.National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States; Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States.VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States; Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States.National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States; U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, United States; Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States.National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, United States; Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA 02118, United States. Electronic address: jennifer.vasterling@va.gov.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24846492

Citation

Han, Sohyun C., et al. "Military Unit Support, Postdeployment Social Support, and PTSD Symptoms Among Active Duty and National Guard Soldiers Deployed to Iraq." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 28, no. 5, 2014, pp. 446-53.
Han SC, Castro F, Lee LO, et al. Military unit support, postdeployment social support, and PTSD symptoms among active duty and National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq. J Anxiety Disord. 2014;28(5):446-53.
Han, S. C., Castro, F., Lee, L. O., Charney, M. E., Marx, B. P., Brailey, K., Proctor, S. P., & Vasterling, J. J. (2014). Military unit support, postdeployment social support, and PTSD symptoms among active duty and National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(5), 446-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.04.004
Han SC, et al. Military Unit Support, Postdeployment Social Support, and PTSD Symptoms Among Active Duty and National Guard Soldiers Deployed to Iraq. J Anxiety Disord. 2014;28(5):446-53. PubMed PMID: 24846492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Military unit support, postdeployment social support, and PTSD symptoms among active duty and National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq. AU - Han,Sohyun C, AU - Castro,Frank, AU - Lee,Lewina O, AU - Charney,Meredith E, AU - Marx,Brian P, AU - Brailey,Kevin, AU - Proctor,Susan P, AU - Vasterling,Jennifer J, Y1 - 2014/04/26/ PY - 2013/09/12/received PY - 2014/04/16/revised PY - 2014/04/16/accepted PY - 2014/5/22/entrez PY - 2014/5/23/pubmed PY - 2014/8/8/medline KW - Deployment KW - Longitudinal KW - Military personnel KW - Posttraumatic stress disorder KW - Social support KW - Unit support SP - 446 EP - 53 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - Research suggests that military unit support and community postdeployment social support are associated with fewer PTSD symptoms following military deployment. This study extended prior research by examining the associations among predeployment unit support and PTSD symptoms before Iraq deployment as well as unit support, PTSD symptoms, and postdeployment social support after deployment among 835 U.S. Army and 173 National Guard soldiers. Multiple regression analyses indicated that predeployment unit support was not significantly associated with postdeployment PTSD severity in either group of soldiers, whereas higher unit support during deployment was significantly associated with lower postdeployment PTSD severity among active duty soldiers only. Among both groups, higher levels of postdeployment social support were associated with lower levels of postdeployment PTSD symptom severity. These findings suggest that postdeployment social support is a particularly strong buffer against postdeployment PTSD symptoms among both groups of soldiers whereas the effects of unit support may be limited. SN - 1873-7897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24846492/Military_unit_support_postdeployment_social_support_and_PTSD_symptoms_among_active_duty_and_National_Guard_soldiers_deployed_to_Iraq_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(14)00051-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -