Potential role of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in bladder cancer cells.J Physiol Sci. 2014 Jul; 64(4):305-14.JP
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels play important roles in thermal, chemical, and mechanical sensation in various tissues. In this study, we investigated the differences in urothelial TRP channels between normal urothelial cells and bladder cancer cells. TRPV2 and TRPM7 expression levels and TRPV2 activator-induced intracellular Ca(2+) increases were significantly higher, whereas TRPV4 expression and TRPV4 activator-induced intracellular Ca(2+) increases were significantly lower in mouse bladder cancer (MBT-2) cells compared to normal mouse urothelial cells. The proliferation rate of MBT-2 cells overexpressing dominant-negative TRPV2 was significantly increased. In contrast, treatment with TRPV2 activators significantly decreased the proliferation rate. TRPM7-overexpressing MBT-2 cells proliferated more slowly, as compared to mock-transfected cells. Moreover, expression of dominant-negative TRPV2 significantly decreased plasma membrane Ca(2+) permeability of MBT-2 cells as compared to that in mock-transfected cells. Increases in the expression of TRPV2 mRNA, immunoreactivity, and TRPV2 activator-induced intracellular Ca(2+) were also observed in T24 human bladder cancer cells. These results suggested that TRPV2 and TRPM7 were functionally expressed in bladder cancer cells and served as negative regulators of bladder cancer cell proliferation, most likely to prevent excess mechanical stresses.