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Factors in relation to bone mineral density in Korean middle-aged and older men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Ann Nutr Metab 2014; 64(1):50-9AN

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

Studies on determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) among Asian middle-aged and older men are very limited. The aim of this study was to investigate general determinants and dietary factors influencing BMD in Korean middle-aged and older men.

METHODS

This study was conducted using data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 2,305 male subjects aged 50-79 years were included. Whole-body, total femur, femoral neck, and lumbar spine BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary intake was estimated by 24-hour dietary recall. A food frequency questionnaire for 63 food items was also administered.

RESULTS

Proportions of osteoporosis at the total femur, femoral neck, and lumbar spine were 0.7, 3.3 and 7.0%, respectively. Age, height, weight, body mass index, fat mass, lean body mass, waist circumference, serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and exercise were related to BMD, but the relationships were site specific. Diet quality and intake of vegetables, fruits, and calcium were associated with BMD.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that a high-quality diet, an adequate intake of fruits, vegetables, and calcium, as well as exercise, high serum vitamin D and weight maintenance might be determinants of BMD among middle-aged and older Asian men.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24851837

Citation

Yang, Yoon Jung, and Jihye Kim. "Factors in Relation to Bone Mineral Density in Korean Middle-aged and Older Men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 64, no. 1, 2014, pp. 50-9.
Yang YJ, Kim J. Factors in relation to bone mineral density in Korean middle-aged and older men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;64(1):50-9.
Yang, Y. J., & Kim, J. (2014). Factors in relation to bone mineral density in Korean middle-aged and older men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 64(1), pp. 50-9. doi:10.1159/000362425.
Yang YJ, Kim J. Factors in Relation to Bone Mineral Density in Korean Middle-aged and Older Men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;64(1):50-9. PubMed PMID: 24851837.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors in relation to bone mineral density in Korean middle-aged and older men: 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Yang,Yoon Jung, AU - Kim,Jihye, Y1 - 2014/05/17/ PY - 2014/01/17/received PY - 2014/03/21/accepted PY - 2014/5/24/entrez PY - 2014/5/24/pubmed PY - 2015/2/24/medline SP - 50 EP - 9 JF - Annals of nutrition & metabolism JO - Ann. Nutr. Metab. VL - 64 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies on determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) among Asian middle-aged and older men are very limited. The aim of this study was to investigate general determinants and dietary factors influencing BMD in Korean middle-aged and older men. METHODS: This study was conducted using data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 2,305 male subjects aged 50-79 years were included. Whole-body, total femur, femoral neck, and lumbar spine BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary intake was estimated by 24-hour dietary recall. A food frequency questionnaire for 63 food items was also administered. RESULTS: Proportions of osteoporosis at the total femur, femoral neck, and lumbar spine were 0.7, 3.3 and 7.0%, respectively. Age, height, weight, body mass index, fat mass, lean body mass, waist circumference, serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and exercise were related to BMD, but the relationships were site specific. Diet quality and intake of vegetables, fruits, and calcium were associated with BMD. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a high-quality diet, an adequate intake of fruits, vegetables, and calcium, as well as exercise, high serum vitamin D and weight maintenance might be determinants of BMD among middle-aged and older Asian men. SN - 1421-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24851837/Factors_in_relation_to_bone_mineral_density_in_Korean_middle_aged_and_older_men:_2008_2010_Korea_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000362425 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -