Treatment results for spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection according to our previous guidelines and collective literature review.Ann Vasc Surg 2014; 28(7):1595-601AV
Isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (ISMAD) is not a rare disease. However, its optimal treatment strategy has not yet been established.
This study included 13 consecutive patients with ISMAD who were treated between April 2010 and July 2013 according to published treatment guidelines. Through a literature search, 10 studies on treatments and outcomes for ISMAD that were published from 2007 to the present were analyzed.
In the present study, 11 patients had acute onset abdominal pain and 2 patients were asymptomatic. Twelve patients were treated with conservative treatment, whereas 1 patient underwent coil embolization. In the literature review, initial conservative treatment, endovascular procedure, and surgical repair were done in 172, 25, and 14 patients, respectively. Bowel resection was done in 8 patients (3.7%) due to bowel necrosis. Conservative treatment failed in 15 patients (6.8%) during follow-up.
If bowel necrosis or arterial rupture was not present, conservative treatment of ISMAD was a safe and effective treatment. Aneurysmal type IV patients on computed tomography scan should be carefully followed up, and if there is a recurrence of pain or aneurysmal progression, an endovascular procedure could be safely performed.