Associated congenital abnormalities in Nigeria children with cleft lip and palate.West Afr J Med. 1989 Apr-Jun; 8(2):135-8.WA
This is a prospective study of 106 patients with cleft lip and or palate seen over a 5 year period between January 1981 and December, 1985 at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Thirty of these patients (28.3 percent) have other associated congenital anomalies which lies within the range of 3 percent to 63.3 percent reported by other authors. The associated anomaly rate was 19 percent in cleft lip only, 35 percent in cleft lip and palate and 28 percent in cleft palate only. All the associated anomalies in the cleft lip cases were single and simple. On the other hand, the multiple and more complex associated anomalies occurred in patients with cleft plate alone and cleft lip and palate combined. Three syndromes were recognised in patients with cleft palate and two in patients with cleft lip and palate.