[Study on the association between diet, nutrient and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among children in Shanghai, Kunshan, Wuxi three kindergarten].Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2014 Mar; 43(2):235-9.WS
To explore the correlation between nutrition and children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
For 417 students from Shanghai and Jiangsu Province, Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire was used to investigate learning disorders and Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to evaluate the dietary and nutrient intake. Correlation between ADHD and Diet was analyzed.
The rate of the ADHD abnormalities was 3.2%, there was no statistical difference between both the various regions and the genders. Partial correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between diet intake (processed meat, salty snacks) and hyperactivity index (P < 0.05); A negative correlation was found between vegetables, coarse cereals, aquatic products, beef, mutton, milk and hyperactivity index (P < 0.05). The regression showed that there was a negative correlation between calcium and hyperactivity index (P < 0.05).
Children's diet pattern is an important environmental impact foctor for ADHD.