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A comparison of the medium-term impact and recovery of the Pakistan floods and the Haiti earthquake: objective and subjective measures.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014 Jun; 29(3):237-44.PD

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The 2010 Haiti earthquake and Pakistan floods were similar in their massive human impact. Although the specific events were very different, the humanitarian response to disasters is supposed to achieve the same ends. This paper contrasts the disaster effects and aims to contrast the medium-term response.

METHODS

In January 2011, similarly structured population-based surveys were carried out in the most affected areas using stratified cluster designs (80×20 in Pakistan and 60×20 in Haiti) with probability proportional to size sampling.

RESULTS

Displacement persisted in Haiti and Pakistan at 53% and 39% of households, respectively. In Pakistan, 95% of households reported damage to their homes and loss of income or livelihoods, and in Haiti, the rates were 93% and 85%, respectively. Frequency of displacement, and income or livelihood loss, were significantly higher in Pakistan, whereas disaster-related deaths or injuries were significantly more prevalent in Haiti.

CONCLUSION

Given the rise in disaster frequency and costs, and the volatility of humanitarian funding streams as a result of the recent global financial crisis, it is increasingly important to measure the impact of humanitarian response against the goal of a return to normalcy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,Maryland USA.1Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,Maryland USA.1Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,Maryland USA.1Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,Maryland USA.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24869915

Citation

Weiss, William M., et al. "A Comparison of the Medium-term Impact and Recovery of the Pakistan Floods and the Haiti Earthquake: Objective and Subjective Measures." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 29, no. 3, 2014, pp. 237-44.
Weiss WM, Kirsch TD, Doocy S, et al. A comparison of the medium-term impact and recovery of the Pakistan floods and the Haiti earthquake: objective and subjective measures. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(3):237-44.
Weiss, W. M., Kirsch, T. D., Doocy, S., & Perrin, P. (2014). A comparison of the medium-term impact and recovery of the Pakistan floods and the Haiti earthquake: objective and subjective measures. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 29(3), 237-44. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X14000466
Weiss WM, et al. A Comparison of the Medium-term Impact and Recovery of the Pakistan Floods and the Haiti Earthquake: Objective and Subjective Measures. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(3):237-44. PubMed PMID: 24869915.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of the medium-term impact and recovery of the Pakistan floods and the Haiti earthquake: objective and subjective measures. AU - Weiss,William M, AU - Kirsch,Thomas D, AU - Doocy,Shannon, AU - Perrin,Paul, Y1 - 2014/05/29/ PY - 2014/5/30/entrez PY - 2014/5/30/pubmed PY - 2014/9/23/medline SP - 237 EP - 44 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 29 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The 2010 Haiti earthquake and Pakistan floods were similar in their massive human impact. Although the specific events were very different, the humanitarian response to disasters is supposed to achieve the same ends. This paper contrasts the disaster effects and aims to contrast the medium-term response. METHODS: In January 2011, similarly structured population-based surveys were carried out in the most affected areas using stratified cluster designs (80×20 in Pakistan and 60×20 in Haiti) with probability proportional to size sampling. RESULTS: Displacement persisted in Haiti and Pakistan at 53% and 39% of households, respectively. In Pakistan, 95% of households reported damage to their homes and loss of income or livelihoods, and in Haiti, the rates were 93% and 85%, respectively. Frequency of displacement, and income or livelihood loss, were significantly higher in Pakistan, whereas disaster-related deaths or injuries were significantly more prevalent in Haiti. CONCLUSION: Given the rise in disaster frequency and costs, and the volatility of humanitarian funding streams as a result of the recent global financial crisis, it is increasingly important to measure the impact of humanitarian response against the goal of a return to normalcy. SN - 1049-023X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24869915/A_comparison_of_the_medium_term_impact_and_recovery_of_the_Pakistan_floods_and_the_Haiti_earthquake:_objective_and_subjective_measures_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1049023X14000466/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -