[Tegumental ultrastructures of Paragonimus iloktsuenensis according to the developmental stages].Kisaengchunghak Chapchi. 1989 Mar; 27(1):57-66.KC
A scanning electron microscopic study was performed to observe the tegumental ultrastructures of Paragonimus iloktsuenensis according to its developmental stages. The metacercariae were obtained from the liver of the brackish water crab, Sesarma dehaani. Juvenile and adult P. iloktsuenensis were recovered from the experimental rats on 2, 4 and 8 weeks after infection. The findings were summarized as follows: 1. The excysted metacercariae were characteristically gourd-shape, with their whole body surface beset with numerous spade-shape spines. The large, type II sensory papillae (non-ciliated round swellings) were arranged along the rim of the oral and ventral suckers, 11-12 and 6-8 in numbers respectively. 2. Two-week old juvenile worms, recovered chiefly from the liver of the experimental rats, were slender in body shape, with their ventral sucker near the anterior one-third level. The distribution of tegumental spines was less dense than in the excysted metacercariae. The spines were with 1-2 pointed tips and 3-4 longitudinal splits. Numerous ciliated knob-like, type I papillae were observed in both sides of the oral sucker, and 6 large, type II papillae were arranged along the rim of the ventral sucker. 3. Four-week old worms, recovered from the thoracic cavity and/or lung parenchyme of the experimental rats, were thicker than wide in body configuration, and their ventral sucker was located near the anterior one-fourth level. The tegumental spines at ventral surface were grouped, each group with 3-5 aggregated ones. The type I and type II papillae (small-sized) were distributed chiefly around the rim of two suckers. 4. Adult (eight-week old) worms, recovered from the capsules in the lung parenchyme, were very stout, and covered densely with bearfoot-like spines. At dorsal surface, cobblestone-like cytoplasmic processes were well-developed, with many tegumental spines embedded in them. It was observed in this study that the tegument of P. iloktsuenesis continued to change and differentiate as the worms grew to be adults.