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Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 May 23; 11:69.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range of in-store environmental factors concurrently is limited.

PURPOSE

To develop a summary score of 'healthfulness' composed of nine in-store factors that influence food shopping behaviour, and to assess this score by store type and neighbourhood deprivation.

METHODS

A cross-sectional survey of 601 retail food stores, including supermarkets, grocery stores and convenience stores, was completed in Hampshire, United Kingdom between July 2010 and June 2011. The survey measured nine variables (variety, price, quality, promotions, shelf placement, store placement, nutrition information, healthier alternatives and single fruit sale) to assess the healthfulness of retail food stores on seven healthy and five less healthy foods that are markers of diet quality. Four steps were completed to create nine individual variable scores and another three to create an overall score of healthfulness for each store.

RESULTS

Analysis of variance showed strong evidence of a difference in overall healthfulness by store type (p < 0.001). Large and premium supermarkets offered the most healthful shopping environments for consumers. Discount supermarkets, 'world', convenience and petrol stores offered less healthful environments to consumers however there was variation across the healthfulness spectrum. No relationship between overall healthfulness and neighbourhood deprivation was observed (p = 0.1).

CONCLUSIONS

A new composite measure of nine variables that can influence food choices was developed to provide an overall assessment of the healthfulness of retail food stores. This composite score could be useful in future research to measure the relationship between main food store and quality of diet, and to evaluate the effects of multi-component food environment interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom. cb@mrc.soton.ac.uk.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24884529

Citation

Black, Christina, et al. "Measuring the Healthfulness of Food Retail Stores: Variations By Store Type and Neighbourhood Deprivation." The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 11, 2014, p. 69.
Black C, Ntani G, Inskip H, et al. Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:69.
Black, C., Ntani, G., Inskip, H., Cooper, C., Cummins, S., Moon, G., & Baird, J. (2014). Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11, 69. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-11-69
Black C, et al. Measuring the Healthfulness of Food Retail Stores: Variations By Store Type and Neighbourhood Deprivation. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 May 23;11:69. PubMed PMID: 24884529.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation. AU - Black,Christina, AU - Ntani,Georgia, AU - Inskip,Hazel, AU - Cooper,Cyrus, AU - Cummins,Steven, AU - Moon,Graham, AU - Baird,Janis, Y1 - 2014/05/23/ PY - 2013/10/21/received PY - 2014/05/13/accepted PY - 2014/6/3/entrez PY - 2014/6/3/pubmed PY - 2015/3/4/medline SP - 69 EP - 69 JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity JO - Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range of in-store environmental factors concurrently is limited. PURPOSE: To develop a summary score of 'healthfulness' composed of nine in-store factors that influence food shopping behaviour, and to assess this score by store type and neighbourhood deprivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 601 retail food stores, including supermarkets, grocery stores and convenience stores, was completed in Hampshire, United Kingdom between July 2010 and June 2011. The survey measured nine variables (variety, price, quality, promotions, shelf placement, store placement, nutrition information, healthier alternatives and single fruit sale) to assess the healthfulness of retail food stores on seven healthy and five less healthy foods that are markers of diet quality. Four steps were completed to create nine individual variable scores and another three to create an overall score of healthfulness for each store. RESULTS: Analysis of variance showed strong evidence of a difference in overall healthfulness by store type (p < 0.001). Large and premium supermarkets offered the most healthful shopping environments for consumers. Discount supermarkets, 'world', convenience and petrol stores offered less healthful environments to consumers however there was variation across the healthfulness spectrum. No relationship between overall healthfulness and neighbourhood deprivation was observed (p = 0.1). CONCLUSIONS: A new composite measure of nine variables that can influence food choices was developed to provide an overall assessment of the healthfulness of retail food stores. This composite score could be useful in future research to measure the relationship between main food store and quality of diet, and to evaluate the effects of multi-component food environment interventions. SN - 1479-5868 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24884529/Measuring_the_healthfulness_of_food_retail_stores:_variations_by_store_type_and_neighbourhood_deprivation_ L2 - https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-11-69 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -