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The effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Trials. 2014 May 09; 15:162.T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The latest meta-analysis demonstrated that acupuncture improves pregnancy rates among women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and surface acupoint stimulation, such as transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), may have the same or better potential.

METHODS/DESIGN

To explore the effect of TEAS on the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) compared with real acupuncture and controls in women undergoing IVF, a multicenter, randomized controlled trial will be conducted. The inclusion criteria are the following: infertile women <40 years of age undergoing a fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle, and the study will be restricted to women with the potential for a lower success rate as defined by two or more previous unsuccessful ETs (fresh or frozen). Those who have severe illnesses possibly precluding IVF or pregnancy, have FSH levels greater than 20 IU/L, received donor eggs, had been previously randomized for this study or had undergone acupuncture (in any modality) as infertility treatment will be excluded. The subjects will be randomly assigned to the TEAS group (IVF + TEAS), the electro-acupuncture (EA) group (IVF + EA), or the control group (only IVF). A total sample size of 2,220 women is required to detect differences in CPR among the three groups. TEAS or EA treatments will start once every two or three days from day 3 of menstruation in the ovarian stimulation cycle until the day of ET. The parameters of TEAS or EA will be the following: a frequency of 2/100 Hz, a moderate electrical current of 3 to 5 mA for TEAS and 0.8 to 1.0 mA for EA. The primary outcome is CPR. Secondary outcomes are LBR, the number of oocytes aspirated and the total gonadotropin dose used in the stimulation cycle.

DISCUSSION

This study will provide significant evidence for using a new method (TEAS) in IVF.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

ClinicalTrials.govID: NCT01608048 (05/24/2012).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China. chzheng2008@qq.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24886647

Citation

Zheng, Cui Hong, et al. "The Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Acupoint Stimulation On Pregnancy Rates in Women Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization: a Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial." Trials, vol. 15, 2014, p. 162.
Zheng CH, Zhang J, Wu J, et al. The effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014;15:162.
Zheng, C. H., Zhang, J., Wu, J., & Zhang, M. M. (2014). The effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15, 162. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-15-162
Zheng CH, et al. The Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Acupoint Stimulation On Pregnancy Rates in Women Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization: a Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Trials. 2014 May 9;15:162. PubMed PMID: 24886647.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. AU - Zheng,Cui Hong, AU - Zhang,Juan, AU - Wu,Jing, AU - Zhang,Ming Min, Y1 - 2014/05/09/ PY - 2013/11/13/received PY - 2014/04/25/accepted PY - 2014/6/3/entrez PY - 2014/6/3/pubmed PY - 2015/2/20/medline SP - 162 EP - 162 JF - Trials JO - Trials VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: The latest meta-analysis demonstrated that acupuncture improves pregnancy rates among women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and surface acupoint stimulation, such as transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), may have the same or better potential. METHODS/DESIGN: To explore the effect of TEAS on the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) compared with real acupuncture and controls in women undergoing IVF, a multicenter, randomized controlled trial will be conducted. The inclusion criteria are the following: infertile women <40 years of age undergoing a fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle, and the study will be restricted to women with the potential for a lower success rate as defined by two or more previous unsuccessful ETs (fresh or frozen). Those who have severe illnesses possibly precluding IVF or pregnancy, have FSH levels greater than 20 IU/L, received donor eggs, had been previously randomized for this study or had undergone acupuncture (in any modality) as infertility treatment will be excluded. The subjects will be randomly assigned to the TEAS group (IVF + TEAS), the electro-acupuncture (EA) group (IVF + EA), or the control group (only IVF). A total sample size of 2,220 women is required to detect differences in CPR among the three groups. TEAS or EA treatments will start once every two or three days from day 3 of menstruation in the ovarian stimulation cycle until the day of ET. The parameters of TEAS or EA will be the following: a frequency of 2/100 Hz, a moderate electrical current of 3 to 5 mA for TEAS and 0.8 to 1.0 mA for EA. The primary outcome is CPR. Secondary outcomes are LBR, the number of oocytes aspirated and the total gonadotropin dose used in the stimulation cycle. DISCUSSION: This study will provide significant evidence for using a new method (TEAS) in IVF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.govID: NCT01608048 (05/24/2012). SN - 1745-6215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24886647/The_effect_of_transcutaneous_electrical_acupoint_stimulation_on_pregnancy_rates_in_women_undergoing_in_vitro_fertilization:_a_study_protocol_for_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1745-6215-15-162 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -