Intravenous thrombolysis outcomes in patients presenting with large vessel acute ischemic strokes--CT angiography-based prognosis.J Neuroimaging. 2015 Mar-Apr; 25(2):238-242.JN
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
To establish outcome rates for patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis based on vascular occlusion site.
This is a retrospective analysis of 225 patients who had received intravenous-rt-PA for anterior circulation strokes. The occlusion-site was prospectively determined on the admission computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and divided into: large vessel occlusion (LVO) including patients with an internal carotid artery terminus or middle cerebral artery (M1/proximal M2) occlusions and no large vessel occlusion (No-LVO; distal M2/M3/ACA) including patients with either distal or no occlusions. The primary outcome was the modified Rankin score (mRS) at 90-days with a good outcome defined by mRS of 0-2.000.
There were 114 (50.7%) patients in the LVO and 111 (49.3%) in the No-LVO group. A good outcome was seen in 28 (24.6%) patients in the LVO and 77 (69.4%) patients in the No-LVO group (OR .14; 95% CI: .08-.26; P < .0001). Mortality was observed in 13 (11.7%) patients in the No-LVO group and 48 (42.1%) patients in the LVO group (OR .18; 95% CI: .09-.36; P < .0001). Significant hemorrhage was seen in 14 (12.5%) patients in the LVO and 0 (0%) patients in the No-LVO group (P < .0001). Older age (OR .96; 95% CI: .93-.98; P = .002) and presence of LVO (OR .29; 95% CI: .12-.68; P = .004) were significant independent predictors of poor outcome.
CTA identification of proximal occlusions is associated with significantly poor outcomes in patients receiving intravenous stroke thrombolysis.