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A comparison of the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercise on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults: a pilot study.
Complement Ther Med. 2014 Jun; 22(3):433-40.CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Physical activity has a positive effect on people's mental health and well-being. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercises on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults.

DESIGN

Randomized controlled study.

METHODS

Fifty-one participants aged mean (SD) 25.6 (5.7) years were randomly divided into three groups: Hatha Yoga Group, Resistance Exercise Group and Control Group. The Hatha Yoga Group and Resistance Exercise Group participated in sessions three days per week for 7 weeks and the Control Group did not participate in any sessions. All the subjects were evaluated through the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Body Cathexis Scale, Nottingham Health Profile and Visual Analog Scale for fatigue pre-and post-session.

RESULTS

Significant improvements were found in terms of all outcome measures in the Hatha Yoga Group and the resistance exercise group. No improvements were found in the Control Group. Hatha yoga more improved the dimensions fatigue, self-esteem, and quality of life, whilst resistance exercise training more improved body image. Hatha yoga and resistance exercise decreased depression symptoms at a similar level.

CONCLUSION

The results indicated that hatha yoga and resistance exercise had positive effects on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults. Hatha yoga and resistance exercise may affect different aspects of mental health and well-being.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Science, Dumlupinar University, 43100 Kutahya, Turkey.School of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, 20100 Denizli, Turkey.School of Sport Science and Tecnology, Pamukkale University, 20100 Denizli, Turkey.Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Science, Dumlupinar University, 43100 Kutahya, Turkey. Electronic address: fztferruh@hotmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24906581

Citation

Taspinar, Betul, et al. "A Comparison of the Effects of Hatha Yoga and Resistance Exercise On Mental Health and Well-being in Sedentary Adults: a Pilot Study." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 22, no. 3, 2014, pp. 433-40.
Taspinar B, Aslan UB, Agbuga B, et al. A comparison of the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercise on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults: a pilot study. Complement Ther Med. 2014;22(3):433-40.
Taspinar, B., Aslan, U. B., Agbuga, B., & Taspinar, F. (2014). A comparison of the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercise on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults: a pilot study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 22(3), 433-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2014.03.007
Taspinar B, et al. A Comparison of the Effects of Hatha Yoga and Resistance Exercise On Mental Health and Well-being in Sedentary Adults: a Pilot Study. Complement Ther Med. 2014;22(3):433-40. PubMed PMID: 24906581.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercise on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults: a pilot study. AU - Taspinar,Betul, AU - Aslan,Ummuhan Bas, AU - Agbuga,Bulent, AU - Taspinar,Ferruh, Y1 - 2014/03/31/ PY - 2013/07/05/received PY - 2014/02/19/revised PY - 2014/03/22/accepted PY - 2014/6/8/entrez PY - 2014/6/8/pubmed PY - 2015/4/14/medline KW - Body images KW - Depression KW - Exercise program KW - Life quality KW - Self esteem KW - Yoga SP - 433 EP - 40 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 22 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Physical activity has a positive effect on people's mental health and well-being. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercises on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. METHODS: Fifty-one participants aged mean (SD) 25.6 (5.7) years were randomly divided into three groups: Hatha Yoga Group, Resistance Exercise Group and Control Group. The Hatha Yoga Group and Resistance Exercise Group participated in sessions three days per week for 7 weeks and the Control Group did not participate in any sessions. All the subjects were evaluated through the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Body Cathexis Scale, Nottingham Health Profile and Visual Analog Scale for fatigue pre-and post-session. RESULTS: Significant improvements were found in terms of all outcome measures in the Hatha Yoga Group and the resistance exercise group. No improvements were found in the Control Group. Hatha yoga more improved the dimensions fatigue, self-esteem, and quality of life, whilst resistance exercise training more improved body image. Hatha yoga and resistance exercise decreased depression symptoms at a similar level. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that hatha yoga and resistance exercise had positive effects on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults. Hatha yoga and resistance exercise may affect different aspects of mental health and well-being. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24906581/A_comparison_of_the_effects_of_hatha_yoga_and_resistance_exercise_on_mental_health_and_well_being_in_sedentary_adults:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(14)00038-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -