Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of broccoli sprouts on nasal response to live attenuated influenza virus in smokers: a randomized, double-blind study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Smokers have increased susceptibility and altered innate host defense responses to influenza virus infection. Broccoli sprouts are a source of the Nrf2 activating agentsulforaphane, and short term ingestion of broccoli sprout homogenates (BSH) has been shown to reduce nasal inflammatory responses to oxidant pollutants.

OBJECTIVES

Assess the effects of BSH on nasal cytokines, virus replication, and Nrf2-dependent enzyme expression in smokers and nonsmokers.

METHODS

We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing the effects of BSH on serially sampled nasal lavage fluid (NLF) cytokines, viral sequence quantity, and Nrf2-dependent enzyme expression in NLF cells and biopsied epithelium. Healthy young adult smokers and nonsmokers ingested BSH or placebo (alfalfa sprout homogenate) for 4 days, designated Days -1, 0, 1, 2. On Day 0 they received standard vaccine dose of live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) intranasally. Nasal lavage fluids and nasal biopsies were collected serially to assess response to LAIV.

RESULTS

In area under curve analyses, post-LAIV IL-6 responses (P = 0.03) and influenza sequences (P = 0.01) were significantly reduced in NLF from BSH-treated smokers, while

NAD(P)H

quinoneoxidoreductasein NLF cells was significantly increased. In nonsmokers, a similar trend for reduction in virus quantity with BSH did not reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSIONS

In smokers, short term ingestion of broccoli sprout homogenates appears to significantly reduce some virus-induced markers of inflammation, as well as reducing virus quantity. Nutritional antioxidant interventions have promise as a safe, low-cost strategy for reducing influenza risk among smokers and other at risk populations.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01269723.

Links

  • PMC Free PDF
  • PMC Free Full Text
  • FREE Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America; Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    University Children's Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

    ,

    Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    ,

    Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America; Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

    Source

    PloS one 9:6 2014 pg e98671

    MeSH

    Adult
    Brassica
    Double-Blind Method
    Female
    Gene Expression Regulation
    Heme Oxygenase-1
    Humans
    Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype
    Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype
    Influenza Vaccines
    Male
    NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
    Nasal Lavage Fluid
    Nose
    Orthomyxoviridae
    Plant Extracts
    Plant Shoots
    Smoking
    Vaccines, Attenuated

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24910991

    Citation

    Noah, Terry L., et al. "Effect of Broccoli Sprouts On Nasal Response to Live Attenuated Influenza Virus in Smokers: a Randomized, Double-blind Study." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 6, 2014, pp. e98671.
    Noah TL, Zhang H, Zhou H, et al. Effect of broccoli sprouts on nasal response to live attenuated influenza virus in smokers: a randomized, double-blind study. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(6):e98671.
    Noah, T. L., Zhang, H., Zhou, H., Glista-Baker, E., Müller, L., Bauer, R. N., ... Jaspers, I. (2014). Effect of broccoli sprouts on nasal response to live attenuated influenza virus in smokers: a randomized, double-blind study. PloS One, 9(6), pp. e98671. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098671.
    Noah TL, et al. Effect of Broccoli Sprouts On Nasal Response to Live Attenuated Influenza Virus in Smokers: a Randomized, Double-blind Study. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(6):e98671. PubMed PMID: 24910991.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of broccoli sprouts on nasal response to live attenuated influenza virus in smokers: a randomized, double-blind study. AU - Noah,Terry L, AU - Zhang,Hongtao, AU - Zhou,Haibo, AU - Glista-Baker,Ellen, AU - Müller,Loretta, AU - Bauer,Rebecca N, AU - Meyer,Megan, AU - Murphy,Paula C, AU - Jones,Shannon, AU - Letang,Blanche, AU - Robinette,Carole, AU - Jaspers,Ilona, Y1 - 2014/06/09/ PY - 2014/03/13/received PY - 2014/04/30/accepted PY - 2014/6/10/entrez PY - 2014/6/10/pubmed PY - 2015/6/16/medline SP - e98671 EP - e98671 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Smokers have increased susceptibility and altered innate host defense responses to influenza virus infection. Broccoli sprouts are a source of the Nrf2 activating agentsulforaphane, and short term ingestion of broccoli sprout homogenates (BSH) has been shown to reduce nasal inflammatory responses to oxidant pollutants. OBJECTIVES: Assess the effects of BSH on nasal cytokines, virus replication, and Nrf2-dependent enzyme expression in smokers and nonsmokers. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing the effects of BSH on serially sampled nasal lavage fluid (NLF) cytokines, viral sequence quantity, and Nrf2-dependent enzyme expression in NLF cells and biopsied epithelium. Healthy young adult smokers and nonsmokers ingested BSH or placebo (alfalfa sprout homogenate) for 4 days, designated Days -1, 0, 1, 2. On Day 0 they received standard vaccine dose of live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) intranasally. Nasal lavage fluids and nasal biopsies were collected serially to assess response to LAIV. RESULTS: In area under curve analyses, post-LAIV IL-6 responses (P = 0.03) and influenza sequences (P = 0.01) were significantly reduced in NLF from BSH-treated smokers, while NAD(P)H: quinoneoxidoreductasein NLF cells was significantly increased. In nonsmokers, a similar trend for reduction in virus quantity with BSH did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: In smokers, short term ingestion of broccoli sprout homogenates appears to significantly reduce some virus-induced markers of inflammation, as well as reducing virus quantity. Nutritional antioxidant interventions have promise as a safe, low-cost strategy for reducing influenza risk among smokers and other at risk populations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01269723. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24910991/Effect_of_broccoli_sprouts_on_nasal_response_to_live_attenuated_influenza_virus_in_smokers:_a_randomized_double_blind_study_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098671 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -