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The mono - and sesquiterpene content of aphid-induced galls on Pistacia palaestina is not a simple reflection of their composition in intact leaves.
J Chem Ecol. 2014 Jun; 40(6):632-42.JC

Abstract

Pistacia palaestina Boiss. (Anacardiaceae), a sibling species of P. terebinthus also known as turpentine tree or terebinth tree, is common in the Levant region. The aphid Baizongia pistaciae L. manipulates the leaves of the plant to form large galls, which provide both food and protection for its developing offspring. We analyzed the levels and composition of mono-and sesquiterpenes in both leaves and galls of ten naturally growing trees. Our results show that monoterpene hydrocarbons are the main constituents of P. palaestina leaves and galls, but terpene levels and composition vary among trees. Despite this inter-tree variation, terpene levels and compositions in galls from different trees resemble each other more than the patterns displayed by leaves from the same trees. Generally, galls contain 10 to 60 fold higher total terpene amounts than leaves, especially of the monoterpenes α-pinene and limonene. Conversely, the leaves generally accumulate more sesquiterpenes, in particular E-caryophyllene, germacrene D and δ-cadinene, in comparison to galls. Our results clearly show that the terpene pattern in the galls is not a simple reflection of that of the leaves and suggest that aphids have a strong impact on the metabolism of their host plant, possibly for their own defense.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24916768

Citation

Rand, Karin, et al. "The Mono - and Sesquiterpene Content of Aphid-induced Galls On Pistacia Palaestina Is Not a Simple Reflection of Their Composition in Intact Leaves." Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 40, no. 6, 2014, pp. 632-42.
Rand K, Bar E, Ben-Ari M, et al. The mono - and sesquiterpene content of aphid-induced galls on Pistacia palaestina is not a simple reflection of their composition in intact leaves. J Chem Ecol. 2014;40(6):632-42.
Rand, K., Bar, E., Ben-Ari, M., Lewinsohn, E., & Inbar, M. (2014). The mono - and sesquiterpene content of aphid-induced galls on Pistacia palaestina is not a simple reflection of their composition in intact leaves. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40(6), 632-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-014-0462-9
Rand K, et al. The Mono - and Sesquiterpene Content of Aphid-induced Galls On Pistacia Palaestina Is Not a Simple Reflection of Their Composition in Intact Leaves. J Chem Ecol. 2014;40(6):632-42. PubMed PMID: 24916768.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The mono - and sesquiterpene content of aphid-induced galls on Pistacia palaestina is not a simple reflection of their composition in intact leaves. AU - Rand,Karin, AU - Bar,Einat, AU - Ben-Ari,Matan, AU - Lewinsohn,Efraim, AU - Inbar,Moshe, Y1 - 2014/06/12/ PY - 2014/01/19/received PY - 2014/05/28/accepted PY - 2014/05/27/revised PY - 2014/6/12/entrez PY - 2014/6/12/pubmed PY - 2015/5/27/medline SP - 632 EP - 42 JF - Journal of chemical ecology JO - J Chem Ecol VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - Pistacia palaestina Boiss. (Anacardiaceae), a sibling species of P. terebinthus also known as turpentine tree or terebinth tree, is common in the Levant region. The aphid Baizongia pistaciae L. manipulates the leaves of the plant to form large galls, which provide both food and protection for its developing offspring. We analyzed the levels and composition of mono-and sesquiterpenes in both leaves and galls of ten naturally growing trees. Our results show that monoterpene hydrocarbons are the main constituents of P. palaestina leaves and galls, but terpene levels and composition vary among trees. Despite this inter-tree variation, terpene levels and compositions in galls from different trees resemble each other more than the patterns displayed by leaves from the same trees. Generally, galls contain 10 to 60 fold higher total terpene amounts than leaves, especially of the monoterpenes α-pinene and limonene. Conversely, the leaves generally accumulate more sesquiterpenes, in particular E-caryophyllene, germacrene D and δ-cadinene, in comparison to galls. Our results clearly show that the terpene pattern in the galls is not a simple reflection of that of the leaves and suggest that aphids have a strong impact on the metabolism of their host plant, possibly for their own defense. SN - 1573-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24916768/The_mono___and_sesquiterpene_content_of_aphid_induced_galls_on_Pistacia_palaestina_is_not_a_simple_reflection_of_their_composition_in_intact_leaves_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-014-0462-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -