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A pilot prospective study of the relationship among cognitive factors, shame, and guilt proneness on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in female victims of sexual violence.
J Korean Med Sci. 2014 Jun; 29(6):831-6.JK

Abstract

This study prospectively examined the relationships among cognitive factors and severity of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. Thirty-eight victims of sexual violence recruited from Center for Women Victims of Sexual and Domestic Violence at Ajou University Hospital. Cognitive factors and PTSD symptom were assessed within 4 months of sexual violence and 25 victims were followed-up 1 month after initial assessment. Repeated-measured ANOVA revealed that PTSD incidence and severity decreased over the month (F [1, 21]=6.61). Particularly, avoidant symptoms might decrease earlier than other PTSD symptoms (F [1, 21]=5.92). This study also showed the significant relationship between early negative trauma-related thoughts and subsequent PTSD severity. Shame and guilt proneness had significant cross-sectional correlations with PTSD severity, but did not show associations when depression severity is controlled. Our results suggest that avoidant symptoms might decrease earlier than other PTSD symptoms during the acute phase and that cognitive appraisals concerning the dangerousness of the world seem to play an important role in the maintenance of PTSD (r=0.499, P<0.05).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24932086

Citation

Shin, Kyoung Min, et al. "A Pilot Prospective Study of the Relationship Among Cognitive Factors, Shame, and Guilt Proneness On Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Female Victims of Sexual Violence." Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 29, no. 6, 2014, pp. 831-6.
Shin KM, Cho SM, Lee SH, et al. A pilot prospective study of the relationship among cognitive factors, shame, and guilt proneness on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. J Korean Med Sci. 2014;29(6):831-6.
Shin, K. M., Cho, S. M., Lee, S. H., & Chung, Y. K. (2014). A pilot prospective study of the relationship among cognitive factors, shame, and guilt proneness on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 29(6), 831-6. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2014.29.6.831
Shin KM, et al. A Pilot Prospective Study of the Relationship Among Cognitive Factors, Shame, and Guilt Proneness On Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Female Victims of Sexual Violence. J Korean Med Sci. 2014;29(6):831-6. PubMed PMID: 24932086.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A pilot prospective study of the relationship among cognitive factors, shame, and guilt proneness on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. AU - Shin,Kyoung Min, AU - Cho,Sun-Mi, AU - Lee,Su Hyun, AU - Chung,Young Ki, Y1 - 2014/05/30/ PY - 2013/12/26/received PY - 2014/04/10/accepted PY - 2014/6/17/entrez PY - 2014/6/17/pubmed PY - 2015/1/28/medline KW - Cognition KW - Post-traumatic KW - Prospective Studies KW - Sex Offenses KW - Stress Disorders SP - 831 EP - 6 JF - Journal of Korean medical science JO - J. Korean Med. Sci. VL - 29 IS - 6 N2 - This study prospectively examined the relationships among cognitive factors and severity of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. Thirty-eight victims of sexual violence recruited from Center for Women Victims of Sexual and Domestic Violence at Ajou University Hospital. Cognitive factors and PTSD symptom were assessed within 4 months of sexual violence and 25 victims were followed-up 1 month after initial assessment. Repeated-measured ANOVA revealed that PTSD incidence and severity decreased over the month (F [1, 21]=6.61). Particularly, avoidant symptoms might decrease earlier than other PTSD symptoms (F [1, 21]=5.92). This study also showed the significant relationship between early negative trauma-related thoughts and subsequent PTSD severity. Shame and guilt proneness had significant cross-sectional correlations with PTSD severity, but did not show associations when depression severity is controlled. Our results suggest that avoidant symptoms might decrease earlier than other PTSD symptoms during the acute phase and that cognitive appraisals concerning the dangerousness of the world seem to play an important role in the maintenance of PTSD (r=0.499, P<0.05). SN - 1598-6357 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24932086/A_pilot_prospective_study_of_the_relationship_among_cognitive_factors_shame_and_guilt_proneness_on_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_in_female_victims_of_sexual_violence_ L2 - https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2014.29.6.831 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -