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Nutritional management of inflammatory bowel disease.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1989 Mar; 18(1):129-55.GC

Abstract

Nutritional deficits commonly occur in patients of all ages suffering from chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. Growth failure represents a common, serious complication unique to the pediatric age group. Although the etiology of nutritional problems and growth failure is multifactorial, malnutrition owing to inadequate nutrient intake is the primary cause. Nutritional supplementation via the enteral or parenteral route restores normal body composition and can reverse linear and ponderal growth failure if administered effectively and prior to bone maturation. Both parenteral and enteral nutrition have been shown to effectively induce remission in acute Crohn's disease, but appear to be less satisfactory for patients with ulcerative or Crohn's colitis. The mechanisms by which such nutritional therapies improve disease activity are unclear but may involve the intestinal adaptive response to "bowel rest," immunologic effects, and nutritional factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2493426

Citation

Seidman, E G.. "Nutritional Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, vol. 18, no. 1, 1989, pp. 129-55.
Seidman EG. Nutritional management of inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1989;18(1):129-55.
Seidman, E. G. (1989). Nutritional management of inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, 18(1), 129-55.
Seidman EG. Nutritional Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1989;18(1):129-55. PubMed PMID: 2493426.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional management of inflammatory bowel disease. A1 - Seidman,E G, PY - 1989/3/1/pubmed PY - 1989/3/1/medline PY - 1989/3/1/entrez SP - 129 EP - 55 JF - Gastroenterology clinics of North America JO - Gastroenterol Clin North Am VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - Nutritional deficits commonly occur in patients of all ages suffering from chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. Growth failure represents a common, serious complication unique to the pediatric age group. Although the etiology of nutritional problems and growth failure is multifactorial, malnutrition owing to inadequate nutrient intake is the primary cause. Nutritional supplementation via the enteral or parenteral route restores normal body composition and can reverse linear and ponderal growth failure if administered effectively and prior to bone maturation. Both parenteral and enteral nutrition have been shown to effectively induce remission in acute Crohn's disease, but appear to be less satisfactory for patients with ulcerative or Crohn's colitis. The mechanisms by which such nutritional therapies improve disease activity are unclear but may involve the intestinal adaptive response to "bowel rest," immunologic effects, and nutritional factors. SN - 0889-8553 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2493426/Nutritional_management_of_inflammatory_bowel_disease_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/crohnsdisease.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -