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Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Abstract

Major bibliographic databases were searched for studies examining the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of wheezing and asthma. Random-effects models were used to pool study results. Subgroup analyses were conducted by fruit and vegetable categories, study design, and age group. Twelve cohorts, 4 population-based case-control studies, and 26 cross-sectional studies published between January 1990 and July 2013 were identified. For the meta-analysis of adults and children, the relative risk (RR) and confidence intervals (CI) when comparing the highest intake group with the lowest intake group were 0.78 (95%CI, 0.70-0.87) for fruit and 0.86 (95%CI, 0.75-0.98) for vegetables. High intake of fruit and vegetables (RR = 0.76; 95%CI, 0.68-0.86 and RR = 0.83; 95%CI, 0.72-0.96) reduced the risk of childhood wheezing. Total intake of fruit and vegetables had a negative association with risk of asthma in adults and children (RR = 0.54; 95%CI, 0.41-0.69). Consuming fruit and vegetables during pregnancy had no association with the risk of asthma in offspring. High intake of fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of asthma and wheezing in adults and children.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Tuberculosis and Lung Research Disease Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Nutrition reviews 72:7 2014 Jul pg 411-28

    MeSH

    Asthma
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Female
    Fruit
    Humans
    Pregnancy
    Pregnancy Complications
    Respiratory Sounds
    Risk Factors
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Meta-Analysis
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review
    Systematic Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24947126

    Citation

    Seyedrezazadeh, Ensiyeh, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Wheezing and Asthma: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 72, no. 7, 2014, pp. 411-28.
    Seyedrezazadeh E, Moghaddam MP, Ansarin K, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(7):411-28.
    Seyedrezazadeh, E., Moghaddam, M. P., Ansarin, K., Vafa, M. R., Sharma, S., & Kolahdooz, F. (2014). Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews, 72(7), pp. 411-28. doi:10.1111/nure.12121.
    Seyedrezazadeh E, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Wheezing and Asthma: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(7):411-28. PubMed PMID: 24947126.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Seyedrezazadeh,Ensiyeh, AU - Moghaddam,Masoud Pour, AU - Ansarin,Khalil, AU - Vafa,Mohammad Reza, AU - Sharma,Sangita, AU - Kolahdooz,Fariba, Y1 - 2014/06/19/ PY - 2014/6/21/entrez PY - 2014/6/21/pubmed PY - 2014/9/24/medline KW - asthma KW - fruit KW - vegetables KW - wheezing SP - 411 EP - 28 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 72 IS - 7 N2 - Major bibliographic databases were searched for studies examining the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of wheezing and asthma. Random-effects models were used to pool study results. Subgroup analyses were conducted by fruit and vegetable categories, study design, and age group. Twelve cohorts, 4 population-based case-control studies, and 26 cross-sectional studies published between January 1990 and July 2013 were identified. For the meta-analysis of adults and children, the relative risk (RR) and confidence intervals (CI) when comparing the highest intake group with the lowest intake group were 0.78 (95%CI, 0.70-0.87) for fruit and 0.86 (95%CI, 0.75-0.98) for vegetables. High intake of fruit and vegetables (RR = 0.76; 95%CI, 0.68-0.86 and RR = 0.83; 95%CI, 0.72-0.96) reduced the risk of childhood wheezing. Total intake of fruit and vegetables had a negative association with risk of asthma in adults and children (RR = 0.54; 95%CI, 0.41-0.69). Consuming fruit and vegetables during pregnancy had no association with the risk of asthma in offspring. High intake of fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of asthma and wheezing in adults and children. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24947126/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/nure.12121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -