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Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Nutr Rev 2014; 72(7):411-28NR

Abstract

Major bibliographic databases were searched for studies examining the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of wheezing and asthma. Random-effects models were used to pool study results. Subgroup analyses were conducted by fruit and vegetable categories, study design, and age group. Twelve cohorts, 4 population-based case-control studies, and 26 cross-sectional studies published between January 1990 and July 2013 were identified. For the meta-analysis of adults and children, the relative risk (RR) and confidence intervals (CI) when comparing the highest intake group with the lowest intake group were 0.78 (95%CI, 0.70-0.87) for fruit and 0.86 (95%CI, 0.75-0.98) for vegetables. High intake of fruit and vegetables (RR = 0.76; 95%CI, 0.68-0.86 and RR = 0.83; 95%CI, 0.72-0.96) reduced the risk of childhood wheezing. Total intake of fruit and vegetables had a negative association with risk of asthma in adults and children (RR = 0.54; 95%CI, 0.41-0.69). Consuming fruit and vegetables during pregnancy had no association with the risk of asthma in offspring. High intake of fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of asthma and wheezing in adults and children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tuberculosis and Lung Research Disease Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24947126

Citation

Seyedrezazadeh, Ensiyeh, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Wheezing and Asthma: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 72, no. 7, 2014, pp. 411-28.
Seyedrezazadeh E, Moghaddam MP, Ansarin K, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(7):411-28.
Seyedrezazadeh, E., Moghaddam, M. P., Ansarin, K., Vafa, M. R., Sharma, S., & Kolahdooz, F. (2014). Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews, 72(7), pp. 411-28. doi:10.1111/nure.12121.
Seyedrezazadeh E, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Wheezing and Asthma: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(7):411-28. PubMed PMID: 24947126.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of wheezing and asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Seyedrezazadeh,Ensiyeh, AU - Moghaddam,Masoud Pour, AU - Ansarin,Khalil, AU - Vafa,Mohammad Reza, AU - Sharma,Sangita, AU - Kolahdooz,Fariba, Y1 - 2014/06/19/ PY - 2014/6/21/entrez PY - 2014/6/21/pubmed PY - 2014/9/24/medline KW - asthma KW - fruit KW - vegetables KW - wheezing SP - 411 EP - 28 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 72 IS - 7 N2 - Major bibliographic databases were searched for studies examining the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of wheezing and asthma. Random-effects models were used to pool study results. Subgroup analyses were conducted by fruit and vegetable categories, study design, and age group. Twelve cohorts, 4 population-based case-control studies, and 26 cross-sectional studies published between January 1990 and July 2013 were identified. For the meta-analysis of adults and children, the relative risk (RR) and confidence intervals (CI) when comparing the highest intake group with the lowest intake group were 0.78 (95%CI, 0.70-0.87) for fruit and 0.86 (95%CI, 0.75-0.98) for vegetables. High intake of fruit and vegetables (RR = 0.76; 95%CI, 0.68-0.86 and RR = 0.83; 95%CI, 0.72-0.96) reduced the risk of childhood wheezing. Total intake of fruit and vegetables had a negative association with risk of asthma in adults and children (RR = 0.54; 95%CI, 0.41-0.69). Consuming fruit and vegetables during pregnancy had no association with the risk of asthma in offspring. High intake of fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of asthma and wheezing in adults and children. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24947126/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/nure.12121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -