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Children's utilization of emotion expectancies in moral decision-making.
Br J Dev Psychol. 2014 Sep; 32(3):367-73.BJ

Abstract

This study investigated the relevance of emotion expectancies for children's moral decision-making. The sample included 131 participants from three different grade levels (M = 8.39 years, SD = 2.45, range 4.58-12.42). Participants were presented a set of scenarios that described various emotional outcomes of (im)moral actions and asked to decide what they would do if they were in the protagonists' shoes. Overall, it was found that the anticipation of moral emotions predicted an increased likelihood of moral choices in antisocial and prosocial contexts. In younger children, anticipated moral emotions predicted moral choice for prosocial actions, but not for antisocial actions. Older children showed evidence for the utilization of anticipated emotions in both prosocial and antisocial behaviours. Moreover, for older children, the decision to act prosocially was less likely in the presence of non-moral emotions. Findings suggest that the impact of emotion expectancies on children's moral decision-making increases with age. Contrary to happy victimizer research, the study does not support the notion that young children use moral emotion expectancies for moral decision-making in the context of antisocial actions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24961286

Citation

Hertz, Steven G., and Tobias Krettenauer. "Children's Utilization of Emotion Expectancies in Moral Decision-making." The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 32, no. 3, 2014, pp. 367-73.
Hertz SG, Krettenauer T. Children's utilization of emotion expectancies in moral decision-making. Br J Dev Psychol. 2014;32(3):367-73.
Hertz, S. G., & Krettenauer, T. (2014). Children's utilization of emotion expectancies in moral decision-making. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(3), 367-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12052
Hertz SG, Krettenauer T. Children's Utilization of Emotion Expectancies in Moral Decision-making. Br J Dev Psychol. 2014;32(3):367-73. PubMed PMID: 24961286.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children's utilization of emotion expectancies in moral decision-making. AU - Hertz,Steven G, AU - Krettenauer,Tobias, Y1 - 2014/06/24/ PY - 2014/02/06/received PY - 2014/05/26/revised PY - 2014/6/26/entrez PY - 2014/6/26/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline KW - childhood KW - decision-making KW - happy victimizer KW - moral development KW - moral emotions SP - 367 EP - 73 JF - The British journal of developmental psychology JO - Br J Dev Psychol VL - 32 IS - 3 N2 - This study investigated the relevance of emotion expectancies for children's moral decision-making. The sample included 131 participants from three different grade levels (M = 8.39 years, SD = 2.45, range 4.58-12.42). Participants were presented a set of scenarios that described various emotional outcomes of (im)moral actions and asked to decide what they would do if they were in the protagonists' shoes. Overall, it was found that the anticipation of moral emotions predicted an increased likelihood of moral choices in antisocial and prosocial contexts. In younger children, anticipated moral emotions predicted moral choice for prosocial actions, but not for antisocial actions. Older children showed evidence for the utilization of anticipated emotions in both prosocial and antisocial behaviours. Moreover, for older children, the decision to act prosocially was less likely in the presence of non-moral emotions. Findings suggest that the impact of emotion expectancies on children's moral decision-making increases with age. Contrary to happy victimizer research, the study does not support the notion that young children use moral emotion expectancies for moral decision-making in the context of antisocial actions. SN - 2044-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24961286/Children's_utilization_of_emotion_expectancies_in_moral_decision_making_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12052 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -