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Vegetarian diet and cholesterol and TAG levels by gender.
Public Health Nutr. 2015 Mar; 18(4):721-6.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The present study assessed the effects of vegetarian and omnivorous diets on HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), TAG and the ratio of HDL-C to total cholesterol (TC) by gender.

DESIGN

HDL-C, LDL-C, TAG and HDL-C:TC were compared among three diet groups (vegan, ovo-lacto vegetarian and omnivorous). Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to examine factors significantly and independently associated with vegetarian status and to estimate the β value of lipid profiles for the diet groups. Settings A cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the Taiwanese Survey on the Prevalence of Hyperglycemia, Hyperlipidemia and Hypertension (TwSHHH).

SUBJECTS

The study comprised included 3257 men and 3551 women.

RESULTS

After adjusting for confounders, vegan and ovo-lacto vegetarian diets lowered LDL-C levels (β=-10.98, P=0.005 and β=-7.12, P=0.025, respectively) in men compared with omnivorous diet. There was a significant association between HDL-C and vegan diet (β=-6.53, P=0.004). In females, the β values of HDL-C, TAG and HDL-C:TC were -5.72 (P<0.0001), 16.51 (P=0.011) and -0.02 (P=0.012) for vegan diet, and -4.86 (P=0.002), 15.09 (P=0.008) and -0.01 (P=0.026) for ovo-lacto vegetarian diet, when compared with omnivorous diet.

CONCLUSIONS

Vegan diet was associated with lower HDL-C concentrations in both males and females. Because the ovo-lacto vegetarian diet was effective in lowering LDL-C, it may be more appropriate for males.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.2Department of Health and Leisure Management,Yuanpei University,Hsinchu City,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.4Department of Exercise and Health Promotion,Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology,Hsinchu County,Taiwan,Republic of China.1Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical University,No. 110 Sec. 1 Jianguo N. Road,Taichung City 40201,Taiwan,Republic of China.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24963684

Citation

Jian, Zhi-Hong, et al. "Vegetarian Diet and Cholesterol and TAG Levels By Gender." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 4, 2015, pp. 721-6.
Jian ZH, Chiang YC, Lung CC, et al. Vegetarian diet and cholesterol and TAG levels by gender. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(4):721-6.
Jian, Z. H., Chiang, Y. C., Lung, C. C., Ho, C. C., Ko, P. C., Ndi Nfor, O., Chang, H. C., Liaw, Y. C., Liang, Y. C., & Liaw, Y. P. (2015). Vegetarian diet and cholesterol and TAG levels by gender. Public Health Nutrition, 18(4), 721-6. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014000883
Jian ZH, et al. Vegetarian Diet and Cholesterol and TAG Levels By Gender. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(4):721-6. PubMed PMID: 24963684.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetarian diet and cholesterol and TAG levels by gender. AU - Jian,Zhi-Hong, AU - Chiang,Yi-Chen, AU - Lung,Chia-Chi, AU - Ho,Chien-Chang, AU - Ko,Pei-Chieh, AU - Ndi Nfor,Oswald, AU - Chang,Hui-Chin, AU - Liaw,Yi-Ching, AU - Liang,Yu-Chiu, AU - Liaw,Yung-Po, Y1 - 2014/06/25/ PY - 2014/6/26/entrez PY - 2014/6/26/pubmed PY - 2015/10/21/medline KW - Vegetarian SP - 721 EP - 6 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 18 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the effects of vegetarian and omnivorous diets on HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), TAG and the ratio of HDL-C to total cholesterol (TC) by gender. DESIGN: HDL-C, LDL-C, TAG and HDL-C:TC were compared among three diet groups (vegan, ovo-lacto vegetarian and omnivorous). Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to examine factors significantly and independently associated with vegetarian status and to estimate the β value of lipid profiles for the diet groups. Settings A cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the Taiwanese Survey on the Prevalence of Hyperglycemia, Hyperlipidemia and Hypertension (TwSHHH). SUBJECTS: The study comprised included 3257 men and 3551 women. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, vegan and ovo-lacto vegetarian diets lowered LDL-C levels (β=-10.98, P=0.005 and β=-7.12, P=0.025, respectively) in men compared with omnivorous diet. There was a significant association between HDL-C and vegan diet (β=-6.53, P=0.004). In females, the β values of HDL-C, TAG and HDL-C:TC were -5.72 (P<0.0001), 16.51 (P=0.011) and -0.02 (P=0.012) for vegan diet, and -4.86 (P=0.002), 15.09 (P=0.008) and -0.01 (P=0.026) for ovo-lacto vegetarian diet, when compared with omnivorous diet. CONCLUSIONS: Vegan diet was associated with lower HDL-C concentrations in both males and females. Because the ovo-lacto vegetarian diet was effective in lowering LDL-C, it may be more appropriate for males. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24963684/Vegetarian_diet_and_cholesterol_and_TAG_levels_by_gender_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980014000883/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -