Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Avirulence effector discovery in a plant galling and plant parasitic arthropod, the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor).
PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e100958.Plos

Abstract

Highly specialized obligate plant-parasites exist within several groups of arthropods (insects and mites). Many of these are important pests, but the molecular basis of their parasitism and its evolution are poorly understood. One hypothesis is that plant parasitic arthropods use effector proteins to defeat basal plant immunity and modulate plant growth. Because avirulence (Avr) gene discovery is a reliable method of effector identification, we tested this hypothesis using high-resolution molecular genetic mapping of an Avr gene (vH13) in the Hessian fly (HF, Mayetiola destructor), an important gall midge pest of wheat (Triticum spp.). Chromosome walking resolved the position of vH13, and revealed alleles that determine whether HF larvae are virulent (survive) or avirulent (die) on wheat seedlings carrying the wheat H13 resistance gene. Association mapping found three independent insertions in vH13 that appear to be responsible for H13-virulence in field populations. We observed vH13 transcription in H13-avirulent larvae and the salivary glands of H13-avirulent larvae, but not in H13-virulent larvae. RNA-interference-knockdown of vH13 transcripts allowed some H13-avirulent larvae to escape H13-directed resistance. vH13 is the first Avr gene identified in an arthropod. It encodes a small modular protein with no sequence similarities to other proteins in GenBank. These data clearly support the hypothesis that an effector-based strategy has evolved in multiple lineages of plant parasites, including arthropods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.USDA-ARS and Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America.Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, United States of America.Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24964065

Citation

Aggarwal, Rajat, et al. "Avirulence Effector Discovery in a Plant Galling and Plant Parasitic Arthropod, the Hessian Fly (Mayetiola Destructor)." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 6, 2014, pp. e100958.
Aggarwal R, Subramanyam S, Zhao C, et al. Avirulence effector discovery in a plant galling and plant parasitic arthropod, the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor). PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e100958.
Aggarwal, R., Subramanyam, S., Zhao, C., Chen, M. S., Harris, M. O., & Stuart, J. J. (2014). Avirulence effector discovery in a plant galling and plant parasitic arthropod, the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor). PloS One, 9(6), e100958. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100958
Aggarwal R, et al. Avirulence Effector Discovery in a Plant Galling and Plant Parasitic Arthropod, the Hessian Fly (Mayetiola Destructor). PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e100958. PubMed PMID: 24964065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Avirulence effector discovery in a plant galling and plant parasitic arthropod, the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor). AU - Aggarwal,Rajat, AU - Subramanyam,Subhashree, AU - Zhao,Chaoyang, AU - Chen,Ming-Shun, AU - Harris,Marion O, AU - Stuart,Jeff J, Y1 - 2014/06/25/ PY - 2014/03/05/received PY - 2014/06/02/accepted PY - 2014/6/26/entrez PY - 2014/6/26/pubmed PY - 2015/11/6/medline SP - e100958 EP - e100958 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - Highly specialized obligate plant-parasites exist within several groups of arthropods (insects and mites). Many of these are important pests, but the molecular basis of their parasitism and its evolution are poorly understood. One hypothesis is that plant parasitic arthropods use effector proteins to defeat basal plant immunity and modulate plant growth. Because avirulence (Avr) gene discovery is a reliable method of effector identification, we tested this hypothesis using high-resolution molecular genetic mapping of an Avr gene (vH13) in the Hessian fly (HF, Mayetiola destructor), an important gall midge pest of wheat (Triticum spp.). Chromosome walking resolved the position of vH13, and revealed alleles that determine whether HF larvae are virulent (survive) or avirulent (die) on wheat seedlings carrying the wheat H13 resistance gene. Association mapping found three independent insertions in vH13 that appear to be responsible for H13-virulence in field populations. We observed vH13 transcription in H13-avirulent larvae and the salivary glands of H13-avirulent larvae, but not in H13-virulent larvae. RNA-interference-knockdown of vH13 transcripts allowed some H13-avirulent larvae to escape H13-directed resistance. vH13 is the first Avr gene identified in an arthropod. It encodes a small modular protein with no sequence similarities to other proteins in GenBank. These data clearly support the hypothesis that an effector-based strategy has evolved in multiple lineages of plant parasites, including arthropods. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24964065/Avirulence_effector_discovery_in_a_plant_galling_and_plant_parasitic_arthropod_the_Hessian_fly__Mayetiola_destructor__ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100958 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -