Dietary factors and the risk of glaucoma: a review.Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2014; 5(4):188-94TA
Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy characterized by a progressive typical pattern of optic neurodegeneration and visual field loss. A relatively high proportion of glauctomatous individuals admit to interest in dietary modification in an attempt to manage their disease. Heavy caffeine consumption appears to have a transient effect on increasing intraocular pressure (IOP). This effect may be clinically insignificant for nonglaucomatous individuals, but the association warrants clinical consideration in those with the disease. Studies investigating the relationship between self-reported antioxidant intake and risk of glaucomatous disease have reported conflicting results. Preliminary studies investigating the relationship between self-reported glaucoma diagnosis and consumption of the oxidants calcium and iron suggest a possible relationship indicating increased risk of the disease with increased consumption of these dietary factors. Initial reports in the literature suggest a potential role for dietary modification in the treatment of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Further study, with randomized controlled trials, may be necessary to further characterize these relationships.