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Dietary factors and the risk of glaucoma: a review.

Abstract

Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy characterized by a progressive typical pattern of optic neurodegeneration and visual field loss. A relatively high proportion of glauctomatous individuals admit to interest in dietary modification in an attempt to manage their disease. Heavy caffeine consumption appears to have a transient effect on increasing intraocular pressure (IOP). This effect may be clinically insignificant for nonglaucomatous individuals, but the association warrants clinical consideration in those with the disease. Studies investigating the relationship between self-reported antioxidant intake and risk of glaucomatous disease have reported conflicting results. Preliminary studies investigating the relationship between self-reported glaucoma diagnosis and consumption of the oxidants calcium and iron suggest a possible relationship indicating increased risk of the disease with increased consumption of these dietary factors. Initial reports in the literature suggest a potential role for dietary modification in the treatment of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Further study, with randomized controlled trials, may be necessary to further characterize these relationships.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago, IL, USA.

    Illinois Eye & Ear Infirmary, 1855 W. Taylor St., Suite 3.171, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

    Source

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24982753

    Citation

    Bussel, Igor I., and Ahmad A. Aref. "Dietary Factors and the Risk of Glaucoma: a Review." Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease, vol. 5, no. 4, 2014, pp. 188-94.
    Bussel II, Aref AA. Dietary factors and the risk of glaucoma: a review. Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2014;5(4):188-94.
    Bussel, I. I., & Aref, A. A. (2014). Dietary factors and the risk of glaucoma: a review. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease, 5(4), pp. 188-94. doi:10.1177/2040622314530181.
    Bussel II, Aref AA. Dietary Factors and the Risk of Glaucoma: a Review. Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2014;5(4):188-94. PubMed PMID: 24982753.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary factors and the risk of glaucoma: a review. AU - Bussel,Igor I, AU - Aref,Ahmad A, PY - 2014/7/2/entrez PY - 2014/7/2/pubmed PY - 2014/7/2/medline KW - antioxidants KW - caffeine KW - dietary supplements KW - glaucoma KW - intraocular pressure KW - nutrition KW - oxidants KW - risk factors SP - 188 EP - 94 JF - Therapeutic advances in chronic disease JO - Ther Adv Chronic Dis VL - 5 IS - 4 N2 - Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy characterized by a progressive typical pattern of optic neurodegeneration and visual field loss. A relatively high proportion of glauctomatous individuals admit to interest in dietary modification in an attempt to manage their disease. Heavy caffeine consumption appears to have a transient effect on increasing intraocular pressure (IOP). This effect may be clinically insignificant for nonglaucomatous individuals, but the association warrants clinical consideration in those with the disease. Studies investigating the relationship between self-reported antioxidant intake and risk of glaucomatous disease have reported conflicting results. Preliminary studies investigating the relationship between self-reported glaucoma diagnosis and consumption of the oxidants calcium and iron suggest a possible relationship indicating increased risk of the disease with increased consumption of these dietary factors. Initial reports in the literature suggest a potential role for dietary modification in the treatment of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Further study, with randomized controlled trials, may be necessary to further characterize these relationships. SN - 2040-6223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24982753/full_citation L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2040622314530181?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -