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Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2014 Oct; 40(10):1270-84.PS

Abstract

This article proposes distinctions between guilt and two forms of shame: Guilt arises from a violated norm and is characterized by a focus on specific behavior; shame can be characterized by a threatened social image (Image Shame) or a threatened moral essence (Moral Shame). Applying this analysis to group-based emotions, three correlational studies are reported, set in the context of atrocities committed by (British) ingroup members during the Iraq war (Ns = 147, 256, 399). Results showed that the two forms of shame could be distinguished. Moreover, once the other form of shame was controlled for, they were differentially related to orientations toward the outgroup: Image Shame was associated with negative orientations, whereas Moral Shame had associations with positive outgroup orientations. These associations were distinct from the associations of guilt and rejection. Study 3 used a longitudinal design and provided evidence suggestive of a causal direction from emotions to outgroup orientation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.University of Sussex, Brighton, UK r.brown@sussex.ac.uk.University of Kent, UK.University of Geneva, Switzerland.University of Geneva, Switzerland University of Bern, Switzerland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24986842

Citation

Allpress, Jesse A., et al. "Two Faces of Group-based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 10, 2014, pp. 1270-84.
Allpress JA, Brown R, Giner-Sorolla R, et al. Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2014;40(10):1270-84.
Allpress, J. A., Brown, R., Giner-Sorolla, R., Deonna, J. A., & Teroni, F. (2014). Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(10), 1270-84. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167214540724
Allpress JA, et al. Two Faces of Group-based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2014;40(10):1270-84. PubMed PMID: 24986842.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing. AU - Allpress,Jesse A, AU - Brown,Rupert, AU - Giner-Sorolla,Roger, AU - Deonna,Julien A, AU - Teroni,Fabrice, Y1 - 2014/07/01/ PY - 2014/7/3/entrez PY - 2014/7/6/pubmed PY - 2015/5/28/medline KW - apology KW - avoidance KW - guilt KW - shame SP - 1270 EP - 84 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 40 IS - 10 N2 - This article proposes distinctions between guilt and two forms of shame: Guilt arises from a violated norm and is characterized by a focus on specific behavior; shame can be characterized by a threatened social image (Image Shame) or a threatened moral essence (Moral Shame). Applying this analysis to group-based emotions, three correlational studies are reported, set in the context of atrocities committed by (British) ingroup members during the Iraq war (Ns = 147, 256, 399). Results showed that the two forms of shame could be distinguished. Moreover, once the other form of shame was controlled for, they were differentially related to orientations toward the outgroup: Image Shame was associated with negative orientations, whereas Moral Shame had associations with positive outgroup orientations. These associations were distinct from the associations of guilt and rejection. Study 3 used a longitudinal design and provided evidence suggestive of a causal direction from emotions to outgroup orientation. SN - 1552-7433 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24986842/Two_faces_of_group_based_shame:_moral_shame_and_image_shame_differentially_predict_positive_and_negative_orientations_to_ingroup_wrongdoing_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0146167214540724?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -